Electricity generation from eucalyptus and bagasse by sugar mills in Nicaragua: A comparison with fuel oil electricity generation on the basis of costs, macroeconomic impacts and environmental emissions

Richard van den Broek, Tsjalle van der Burg, Ad van Wijk, Wim Turkenburg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two sugar mills in Nicaragua plan to generate electricity from bagasse during the sugarcane season and eucalyptus during the rest of the year, and to sell it to the national grid. This study compared this concept with the most logical alternative at the moment, which is electricity generated from fuel oil. Costs, macro-economic impacts and environmental emissions are considered. The low cost of land and labour means that eucalyptus can be produced more cheaply than fuel oil (1.7 as compared to 3.2 $/GJLHV). Consequently, it was calculated that a sugar mill can produce electricity from biomass for 4.9 <&zcansis;> mc/kWh as compared to 5.8 <&zcansis;> mc/kWh for electricity from an oil fired plant. About 64% of the money spent on biomass power stays within Nicaragua, thus contributing to its GDP, whereas in the case of fuel oil 83% goes abroad. The employment generated by the production of electricity from fuel oil is 15 person yr/MW yr, compared to 32 person yr/MW yr for biomass. Comparing biomass with fuel oil, emissions of CO2 and SO2 equivalents are, respectively, 67 and 18 times lower. Particulate emissions can be much higher in the biomass case because of lack of flue gas cleaning. We can conclude that biomass electricity generation by sugar mills in Nicaragua can compete with power generation from fuel oil. Moreover, it has an overall better environmental performance, creates double the amount of jobs, and contributes about four times as much to the GDP of Nicaragua.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)311-335
Number of pages25
JournalBiomass & bioenergy
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • METIS-100509
  • Eucalyptus
  • Bagasse
  • Biomass
  • Macro-economic impacts
  • Combined heat and power generation
  • Developing Countries
  • Costs
  • Environmental emissions
  • Nicaragua
  • Sugar mills
  • IR-74270

Cite this

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title = "Electricity generation from eucalyptus and bagasse by sugar mills in Nicaragua: A comparison with fuel oil electricity generation on the basis of costs, macroeconomic impacts and environmental emissions",
abstract = "Two sugar mills in Nicaragua plan to generate electricity from bagasse during the sugarcane season and eucalyptus during the rest of the year, and to sell it to the national grid. This study compared this concept with the most logical alternative at the moment, which is electricity generated from fuel oil. Costs, macro-economic impacts and environmental emissions are considered. The low cost of land and labour means that eucalyptus can be produced more cheaply than fuel oil (1.7 as compared to 3.2 $/GJLHV). Consequently, it was calculated that a sugar mill can produce electricity from biomass for 4.9 <&zcansis;> mc/kWh as compared to 5.8 <&zcansis;> mc/kWh for electricity from an oil fired plant. About 64{\%} of the money spent on biomass power stays within Nicaragua, thus contributing to its GDP, whereas in the case of fuel oil 83{\%} goes abroad. The employment generated by the production of electricity from fuel oil is 15 person yr/MW yr, compared to 32 person yr/MW yr for biomass. Comparing biomass with fuel oil, emissions of CO2 and SO2 equivalents are, respectively, 67 and 18 times lower. Particulate emissions can be much higher in the biomass case because of lack of flue gas cleaning. We can conclude that biomass electricity generation by sugar mills in Nicaragua can compete with power generation from fuel oil. Moreover, it has an overall better environmental performance, creates double the amount of jobs, and contributes about four times as much to the GDP of Nicaragua.",
keywords = "METIS-100509, Eucalyptus, Bagasse, Biomass, Macro-economic impacts, Combined heat and power generation, Developing Countries, Costs, Environmental emissions, Nicaragua, Sugar mills, IR-74270",
author = "{van den Broek}, Richard and {van der Burg}, Tsjalle and {van Wijk}, Ad and Wim Turkenburg",
year = "2000",
doi = "10.1016/S0961-9534(00)00034-9",
language = "Undefined",
volume = "19",
pages = "311--335",
journal = "Biomass & bioenergy",
issn = "0961-9534",
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Electricity generation from eucalyptus and bagasse by sugar mills in Nicaragua: A comparison with fuel oil electricity generation on the basis of costs, macroeconomic impacts and environmental emissions. / van den Broek, Richard; van der Burg, Tsjalle; van Wijk, Ad; Turkenburg, Wim.

In: Biomass & bioenergy, Vol. 19, No. 5, 2000, p. 311-335.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Electricity generation from eucalyptus and bagasse by sugar mills in Nicaragua: A comparison with fuel oil electricity generation on the basis of costs, macroeconomic impacts and environmental emissions

AU - van den Broek, Richard

AU - van der Burg, Tsjalle

AU - van Wijk, Ad

AU - Turkenburg, Wim

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - Two sugar mills in Nicaragua plan to generate electricity from bagasse during the sugarcane season and eucalyptus during the rest of the year, and to sell it to the national grid. This study compared this concept with the most logical alternative at the moment, which is electricity generated from fuel oil. Costs, macro-economic impacts and environmental emissions are considered. The low cost of land and labour means that eucalyptus can be produced more cheaply than fuel oil (1.7 as compared to 3.2 $/GJLHV). Consequently, it was calculated that a sugar mill can produce electricity from biomass for 4.9 <&zcansis;> mc/kWh as compared to 5.8 <&zcansis;> mc/kWh for electricity from an oil fired plant. About 64% of the money spent on biomass power stays within Nicaragua, thus contributing to its GDP, whereas in the case of fuel oil 83% goes abroad. The employment generated by the production of electricity from fuel oil is 15 person yr/MW yr, compared to 32 person yr/MW yr for biomass. Comparing biomass with fuel oil, emissions of CO2 and SO2 equivalents are, respectively, 67 and 18 times lower. Particulate emissions can be much higher in the biomass case because of lack of flue gas cleaning. We can conclude that biomass electricity generation by sugar mills in Nicaragua can compete with power generation from fuel oil. Moreover, it has an overall better environmental performance, creates double the amount of jobs, and contributes about four times as much to the GDP of Nicaragua.

AB - Two sugar mills in Nicaragua plan to generate electricity from bagasse during the sugarcane season and eucalyptus during the rest of the year, and to sell it to the national grid. This study compared this concept with the most logical alternative at the moment, which is electricity generated from fuel oil. Costs, macro-economic impacts and environmental emissions are considered. The low cost of land and labour means that eucalyptus can be produced more cheaply than fuel oil (1.7 as compared to 3.2 $/GJLHV). Consequently, it was calculated that a sugar mill can produce electricity from biomass for 4.9 <&zcansis;> mc/kWh as compared to 5.8 <&zcansis;> mc/kWh for electricity from an oil fired plant. About 64% of the money spent on biomass power stays within Nicaragua, thus contributing to its GDP, whereas in the case of fuel oil 83% goes abroad. The employment generated by the production of electricity from fuel oil is 15 person yr/MW yr, compared to 32 person yr/MW yr for biomass. Comparing biomass with fuel oil, emissions of CO2 and SO2 equivalents are, respectively, 67 and 18 times lower. Particulate emissions can be much higher in the biomass case because of lack of flue gas cleaning. We can conclude that biomass electricity generation by sugar mills in Nicaragua can compete with power generation from fuel oil. Moreover, it has an overall better environmental performance, creates double the amount of jobs, and contributes about four times as much to the GDP of Nicaragua.

KW - METIS-100509

KW - Eucalyptus

KW - Bagasse

KW - Biomass

KW - Macro-economic impacts

KW - Combined heat and power generation

KW - Developing Countries

KW - Costs

KW - Environmental emissions

KW - Nicaragua

KW - Sugar mills

KW - IR-74270

U2 - 10.1016/S0961-9534(00)00034-9

DO - 10.1016/S0961-9534(00)00034-9

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 311

EP - 335

JO - Biomass & bioenergy

JF - Biomass & bioenergy

SN - 0961-9534

IS - 5

ER -