Membrane reactors are currently under extensive research and development. Hardly any concept, however, is realized yet in practice. Frequently, forgotten as membrane reactors are electro-catalytic membrane reactors where electrodes perform chemical conversations and membranes separate the locations of conversion. We review first a mature electromembrane technology: the chlor-alkali electrolysis. A second example is the polymer-electrolyte fuel cells (FC) as an emerging technology, which carries the potential to dramatically change society¿s energy infrastructure. Finally, we extensively describe a technology where the membrane itself is catalytically effective, splitting water into protons and hydroxyl ions: bipolar ion-exchange membrane technology.
|Journal||Chemical engineering and processing : process intensification|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|
Balster, J. H., Stamatialis, D., & Wessling, M. (2004). Electro-catalytic membrane reactors and the development of bipolar membrane technology. Chemical engineering and processing : process intensification, 43(9), 1115-1127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cep.2003.11.010