Electrospinning of continuous poly (L-lactide) yarns: Effect of twist on the morphology, thermal properties and mechanical behavior

H. Maleki, A.A. Gharehaghaji, P. J. Dijkstra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrospinning PLLA solutions from two oppositely charged nozzles gives a triangle of fibers, also called E-triangle, that assemble into yarns at the convergence point. The formed yarn at the E-triangle was taken up by a unit comprising a take up roller and coupled twister plate, which twist rate can be varied. At all twist rates, uniform and smooth fibers without any beads were formed. The apex angle of the deposited fibers at the E-triangle was larger at higher twist rates. By increasing the twist rate from 80 rpm to 320 rpm the orientation angle of fibers in the yarn changes from 18.8° to 41.5°. Increasing the twist rate revealed a higher polymer crystallinity likely due to the polymer orientation by the applied tension to the fibers. The ultimate strength and modulus of electrospun yarns were higher when prepared at higher twist rates. However, at the highest twist rates, the strength and modulus of electrospun yarns leveled off and even decreased slightly. The results revealed that the mechanical properties not only depend on the polymer crystallinity but also on the alignment of the fibers in the yarn and the angle at which they were deposited. These biodegradable materials are promising materials to be used in a wide range of applications where environmentally friendly products are required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-237
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials
Volume71
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

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Electrospinning
Yarn
Thermodynamic properties
Fibers
Polymers
poly(lactide)
Nozzles
Mechanical properties

Cite this

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abstract = "Electrospinning PLLA solutions from two oppositely charged nozzles gives a triangle of fibers, also called E-triangle, that assemble into yarns at the convergence point. The formed yarn at the E-triangle was taken up by a unit comprising a take up roller and coupled twister plate, which twist rate can be varied. At all twist rates, uniform and smooth fibers without any beads were formed. The apex angle of the deposited fibers at the E-triangle was larger at higher twist rates. By increasing the twist rate from 80 rpm to 320 rpm the orientation angle of fibers in the yarn changes from 18.8° to 41.5°. Increasing the twist rate revealed a higher polymer crystallinity likely due to the polymer orientation by the applied tension to the fibers. The ultimate strength and modulus of electrospun yarns were higher when prepared at higher twist rates. However, at the highest twist rates, the strength and modulus of electrospun yarns leveled off and even decreased slightly. The results revealed that the mechanical properties not only depend on the polymer crystallinity but also on the alignment of the fibers in the yarn and the angle at which they were deposited. These biodegradable materials are promising materials to be used in a wide range of applications where environmentally friendly products are required.",
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Electrospinning of continuous poly (L-lactide) yarns : Effect of twist on the morphology, thermal properties and mechanical behavior. / Maleki, H.; Gharehaghaji, A.A.; Dijkstra, P. J.

In: Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials, Vol. 71, 01.07.2017, p. 231-237.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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