Electrowetting assisted shedding of droplets by a shearing airflow in dropwise condensation

Milad Shakeri Bonab, Daniel Wijnperle, Frieder Mugele, Roger Kempers, Alidad Amirfazli*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Condensation is a necessary part of most industrial processes dealing with phase change. Efficient condensate
removal (shedding) increases the systems’ performance. This study investigated the influence of electrowetting
on droplet shedding and heat transfer enhancement during humid air condensation on a horizontal substrate. A
mini closed-looped wind tunnel was used to simulate the condensation environment and control condensation
parameters. AC electric field with the frequencies of 1 and 10 kHz was applied and compared with the control
case (no voltage). The transient inverse heat conduction method was used to determine the heat transfer coefficient, and heat transfer measurements were synchronized to a high-resolution camera to monitor the
condensation dynamics. The results show that the area-weighted average droplet radius was increased by 61 %
and 84 % for 1 kHz and 10 kHz, respectively, compared to the control case for 1 m/s airflow. At 10 kHz, the
shedding time was reduced, particularly at higher airflow velocities. Additionally, the heat transfer coefficient
(HTC) exhibited a significant increase at 10 kHz when shedding was present. Notably, the difference in HTC
became pronounced at an airflow velocity of 15 m/s, where shedding was prominent. In this scenario, the HTC
rose by an impressive 35 % compared to the control case. These findings provide a promising foundation for
utilizing EW to enhance heat transfer and improve condensate shedding under shear flow conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number124925
Number of pages12
JournalInternational journal of heat and mass transfer
Early online date25 Nov 2023
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024


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