The surface species formed during adsorption of NOx on a commercial NSR catalyst (containing barium oxide, Pt, and alumina as the main components) were investigated by in situ IR spectroscopy. During adsorption of NO, mainly linear and bridged bonded nitrites of Ba- O- N- O- Ba type were formed on Al and Ba oxide components. Nitrites were detected during the initial phase of the NO/O2 and NO2 adsorption, whereas with further exposure nitrates were the dominant surface species. Using the different surface species and reaction intermediates identified by IR spectroscopy a series of sequential reaction steps during the sorption of NOx on a NSR catalyst was derived. Initially, NO is stored in the form of nitrites on the storage component (Ba oxide). NO2 formed by oxidation on the noble metal component (Pt) sorbs either molecularly by forming nitrate species or dissociatively by forming nitrites. After a certain concentration of NOx is adsorbed, the transformation and further oxidation of the surface nitrites into surface nitrates by NO2 occur. The stability of the NOx surface species was found to increase in the order Al nitrites < Ba nitrites < Al nitrates < Ba nitrates.
- In situ FTIR spectroscopy
- NOx storage