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Abstract

The world is confronted with a rapidly growing impact of disasters, due to many factors that cause an increase in the vulnerability of society combined with an increase in hydrometeorological) hazard events related to climatic change. The possible impacts of hazardous events are large, especially in developing countries and governments have to incorporate risk reduction strategies in development planning at different levels. The evaluation of the expected losses due to hazardous events requires a spatial analysis, as all components of a risk assessment differ in space and time. Therefore risk assessment can only be carried out effectively when it is based on extensive, multidisciplinary studies on the basis of spatial information, derived from Remote Sensing and other sources. There is an urgent need to include the concepts of disaster geoinformation management into emergency preparedness planning, spatial planning and environmental impact assessment. This requires capacity building and training of disaster management experts and professionals, such as planners, engineers, architects, geographers, environmental specialists, university teachers etc. The Hyogo framework of action 2005-2015 of the UN-ISDR indicates risk assessment and education as two of the key areas for the development of action in the coming years.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMulti-hazard risk assessment
EditorsC.J. van Westen, D. Alkema, M.C.J. Damen, N. Kerle, N.C. Kingma
Place of PublicationEnschede
PublisherUNU - ITC DGIM
Pages401-443
Number of pages43
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Publication series

NameDistance Education Course Guide Book
PublisherUNU - ITC DGIM

Keywords

  • RISK ASSESSMENT
  • Hazard
  • Vulnerability
  • Elements at risk
  • EWI-22486
  • IR-84232

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  • Cite this

    Kingma, N., McCall, M. K., & Montoya, L. (2011). Elements at risk. In C. J. van Westen, D. Alkema, M. C. J. Damen, N. Kerle, & N. C. Kingma (Eds.), Multi-hazard risk assessment (pp. 401-443). (Distance Education Course Guide Book). Enschede: UNU - ITC DGIM.