Elucidating possible crystallographic origins of wake-up mechanisms in ferroelectric hafnia

Sean R.C. McMitchell*, Sergiu Clima, Nicolo Ronchi, Kaustuv Banerjee, Umberto Celano, Mihaela Popovici, Luca Di Piazza, Geert van den Bosch, Jan Van Houdt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)


The wake-up in doped hafnia ferroelectric devices is an extremely important process to understand in order to integrate these materials successfully into working ferroelectric memory devices. The crystallographic origins of this process are clarified with three main mechanisms. Strain relaxation in the ferroelectric orthorhombic phase led to an adjustment of the unit cell volume toward a "bulk-like"value. The undistorted cell allowed for easier polarizability within the unit cell, allowing higher polarization. Reversible phase transformations between the tetragonal and orthorhombic phases depend on the nature of the strain. Finally, a model is developed describing grain reorientation, inducing a 90° rotation of the orthorhombic unit cell and allowing the phase to respond to the E-field more readily under cycling.

Original languageEnglish
Article number092902
Number of pages7
JournalApplied physics letters
Issue number9
Early online date2 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 2021


  • 22/2 OA procedure


Dive into the research topics of 'Elucidating possible crystallographic origins of wake-up mechanisms in ferroelectric hafnia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this