Elucidating the effect of chain extenders substituted by aliphatic side chains on morphology and gas separation of polyurethanes

Afsaneh Fakhar*, Morteza Sadeghi*, Mohammad Dinari*, Mohammadmahdi Zarabadipoor*, Rob Lammertink*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Novel poly(urethane-urea) (PUU) membranes were developed as the aim of a structure-property relationship study to enhance gas permeation. Designing the PUUs was followed by three synthesized chain extenders with different length-alkyl side chains, polytetramethylene glycol, and isophorone and hexamethylene diisocyanates. The longest substituted PUU indicated higher phase separation and lower glass transition temperature. Pure and mixed gas permeabilities of prepared membranes grew as phase separation of PUU material increased, while fractional free volume decreased by lengthening the side chain of the PUUs. The reasons for this event were the migration of the side chains to the surface of hard domain, thereby shielding it and filling the soft/hard interface. Enhanced permeability of materials with longer side chains is attributed to its plasticizing effect. The highest CO2 permeability (287 barrer) was obtained for the longest substituted PUU. The findings revealed an increase in gas permeation without a significant reduction of selectivity by longer substituted PUUs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109346
JournalEuropean polymer journal
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2020



  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • Chain mobility
  • Gas separation membranes
  • Phase separation
  • Polyurethane
  • Aliphatic side chain

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