Embedded Micro-Mirrors for Compact Routing of Multimode Polymer Waveguides

Tobias Peter Lamprecht

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research external, graduation UTAcademic

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Abstract

The limited scalability of high-speed electrical interconnects drives research on optical interconnect technologies. This work is concerned with compact polymer waveguide routing schemes for optical printed circuit boards (PCB). The developed embedded micro-mirrors are an integral part of the waveguide layer. The micro-structures that make up their bodies are fabricated directly onto the lower cladding of the waveguide by means of UV-laser patterning of a photosensitive resin. Vertical and 45°-tilted micro-structures are eventually used as in-plane and out-of-plane micro-mirrors, respectively. A wet-chemical deposition process is developed to apply the reflective metal layer selectively on the micro-structures. The fabrication processes are compatible to polymer waveguide and PCB manufacturing equipment. An electro-optical flex board is designed as basis for an optical transceiver module. Therein implemented are mechanical fiducial markers for adjustment-free alignment of the optical connector and the embedded out-of-plane micro-mirrors. The latter will vertically couple the light path from the laser- or detector-array to the polymer waveguide array. In a second part, an experimental approach to characterize the modal power coupling of light propagating in polymer waveguides is investigated. A modal power coupling matrix is thereby used to describe the relation between the input and output modal power distribution of a waveguide. The specific mode launch, required to control the input modal power distribution, is realized by an intensity- and a phase-controlling spatial light modulator (SLM). The modal power distribution at the end facet of the waveguide is analyzed by an approach based on optical Fourier transformation.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • University of Twente
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Pollnau, M., Supervisor
  • Driessen, A., Supervisor
Thesis sponsors
Award date23 Jun 2011
Place of PublicationEnschede
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-90-365-3206-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jun 2011

Fingerprint

mirrors
waveguides
polymers
printed circuits
circuit boards
microstructure
optical interconnects
connectors
Fourier transformation
transmitter receivers
light modulators
ultraviolet lasers
markers
resins
flat surfaces
manufacturing
modules
adjusting
alignment
high speed

Keywords

  • Polymer waveguides
  • Integrated optics
  • Micro-mirrors

Cite this

Lamprecht, Tobias Peter. / Embedded Micro-Mirrors for Compact Routing of Multimode Polymer Waveguides. Enschede : University of Twente, 2011. 137 p.
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abstract = "The limited scalability of high-speed electrical interconnects drives research on optical interconnect technologies. This work is concerned with compact polymer waveguide routing schemes for optical printed circuit boards (PCB). The developed embedded micro-mirrors are an integral part of the waveguide layer. The micro-structures that make up their bodies are fabricated directly onto the lower cladding of the waveguide by means of UV-laser patterning of a photosensitive resin. Vertical and 45°-tilted micro-structures are eventually used as in-plane and out-of-plane micro-mirrors, respectively. A wet-chemical deposition process is developed to apply the reflective metal layer selectively on the micro-structures. The fabrication processes are compatible to polymer waveguide and PCB manufacturing equipment. An electro-optical flex board is designed as basis for an optical transceiver module. Therein implemented are mechanical fiducial markers for adjustment-free alignment of the optical connector and the embedded out-of-plane micro-mirrors. The latter will vertically couple the light path from the laser- or detector-array to the polymer waveguide array. In a second part, an experimental approach to characterize the modal power coupling of light propagating in polymer waveguides is investigated. A modal power coupling matrix is thereby used to describe the relation between the input and output modal power distribution of a waveguide. The specific mode launch, required to control the input modal power distribution, is realized by an intensity- and a phase-controlling spatial light modulator (SLM). The modal power distribution at the end facet of the waveguide is analyzed by an approach based on optical Fourier transformation.",
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Embedded Micro-Mirrors for Compact Routing of Multimode Polymer Waveguides. / Lamprecht, Tobias Peter.

Enschede : University of Twente, 2011. 137 p.

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research external, graduation UTAcademic

TY - THES

T1 - Embedded Micro-Mirrors for Compact Routing of Multimode Polymer Waveguides

AU - Lamprecht, Tobias Peter

PY - 2011/6/23

Y1 - 2011/6/23

N2 - The limited scalability of high-speed electrical interconnects drives research on optical interconnect technologies. This work is concerned with compact polymer waveguide routing schemes for optical printed circuit boards (PCB). The developed embedded micro-mirrors are an integral part of the waveguide layer. The micro-structures that make up their bodies are fabricated directly onto the lower cladding of the waveguide by means of UV-laser patterning of a photosensitive resin. Vertical and 45°-tilted micro-structures are eventually used as in-plane and out-of-plane micro-mirrors, respectively. A wet-chemical deposition process is developed to apply the reflective metal layer selectively on the micro-structures. The fabrication processes are compatible to polymer waveguide and PCB manufacturing equipment. An electro-optical flex board is designed as basis for an optical transceiver module. Therein implemented are mechanical fiducial markers for adjustment-free alignment of the optical connector and the embedded out-of-plane micro-mirrors. The latter will vertically couple the light path from the laser- or detector-array to the polymer waveguide array. In a second part, an experimental approach to characterize the modal power coupling of light propagating in polymer waveguides is investigated. A modal power coupling matrix is thereby used to describe the relation between the input and output modal power distribution of a waveguide. The specific mode launch, required to control the input modal power distribution, is realized by an intensity- and a phase-controlling spatial light modulator (SLM). The modal power distribution at the end facet of the waveguide is analyzed by an approach based on optical Fourier transformation.

AB - The limited scalability of high-speed electrical interconnects drives research on optical interconnect technologies. This work is concerned with compact polymer waveguide routing schemes for optical printed circuit boards (PCB). The developed embedded micro-mirrors are an integral part of the waveguide layer. The micro-structures that make up their bodies are fabricated directly onto the lower cladding of the waveguide by means of UV-laser patterning of a photosensitive resin. Vertical and 45°-tilted micro-structures are eventually used as in-plane and out-of-plane micro-mirrors, respectively. A wet-chemical deposition process is developed to apply the reflective metal layer selectively on the micro-structures. The fabrication processes are compatible to polymer waveguide and PCB manufacturing equipment. An electro-optical flex board is designed as basis for an optical transceiver module. Therein implemented are mechanical fiducial markers for adjustment-free alignment of the optical connector and the embedded out-of-plane micro-mirrors. The latter will vertically couple the light path from the laser- or detector-array to the polymer waveguide array. In a second part, an experimental approach to characterize the modal power coupling of light propagating in polymer waveguides is investigated. A modal power coupling matrix is thereby used to describe the relation between the input and output modal power distribution of a waveguide. The specific mode launch, required to control the input modal power distribution, is realized by an intensity- and a phase-controlling spatial light modulator (SLM). The modal power distribution at the end facet of the waveguide is analyzed by an approach based on optical Fourier transformation.

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KW - Micro-mirrors

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