Embedded Micro-Mirrors for Compact Routing of Multimode Polymer Waveguides

Tobias Peter Lamprecht

    Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research external, graduation UT

    39 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    The limited scalability of high-speed electrical interconnects drives research on optical interconnect technologies. This work is concerned with compact polymer waveguide routing schemes for optical printed circuit boards (PCB). The developed embedded micro-mirrors are an integral part of the waveguide layer. The micro-structures that make up their bodies are fabricated directly onto the lower cladding of the waveguide by means of UV-laser patterning of a photosensitive resin. Vertical and 45°-tilted micro-structures are eventually used as in-plane and out-of-plane micro-mirrors, respectively. A wet-chemical deposition process is developed to apply the reflective metal layer selectively on the micro-structures. The fabrication processes are compatible to polymer waveguide and PCB manufacturing equipment. An electro-optical flex board is designed as basis for an optical transceiver module. Therein implemented are mechanical fiducial markers for adjustment-free alignment of the optical connector and the embedded out-of-plane micro-mirrors. The latter will vertically couple the light path from the laser- or detector-array to the polymer waveguide array. In a second part, an experimental approach to characterize the modal power coupling of light propagating in polymer waveguides is investigated. A modal power coupling matrix is thereby used to describe the relation between the input and output modal power distribution of a waveguide. The specific mode launch, required to control the input modal power distribution, is realized by an intensity- and a phase-controlling spatial light modulator (SLM). The modal power distribution at the end facet of the waveguide is analyzed by an approach based on optical Fourier transformation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Awarding Institution
    • University of Twente
    Supervisors/Advisors
    • Pollnau, M., Supervisor
    • Driessen, A., Supervisor
    Thesis sponsors
    Award date23 Jun 2011
    Place of PublicationEnschede
    Publisher
    Print ISBNs978-90-365-3206-8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 23 Jun 2011

    Fingerprint

    mirrors
    waveguides
    polymers
    printed circuits
    circuit boards
    microstructure
    optical interconnects
    connectors
    Fourier transformation
    transmitter receivers
    light modulators
    ultraviolet lasers
    markers
    resins
    flat surfaces
    manufacturing
    modules
    adjusting
    alignment
    high speed

    Keywords

    • Polymer waveguides
    • Integrated optics
    • Micro-mirrors

    Cite this

    Lamprecht, Tobias Peter. / Embedded Micro-Mirrors for Compact Routing of Multimode Polymer Waveguides. Enschede : University of Twente, 2011. 137 p.
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    abstract = "The limited scalability of high-speed electrical interconnects drives research on optical interconnect technologies. This work is concerned with compact polymer waveguide routing schemes for optical printed circuit boards (PCB). The developed embedded micro-mirrors are an integral part of the waveguide layer. The micro-structures that make up their bodies are fabricated directly onto the lower cladding of the waveguide by means of UV-laser patterning of a photosensitive resin. Vertical and 45°-tilted micro-structures are eventually used as in-plane and out-of-plane micro-mirrors, respectively. A wet-chemical deposition process is developed to apply the reflective metal layer selectively on the micro-structures. The fabrication processes are compatible to polymer waveguide and PCB manufacturing equipment. An electro-optical flex board is designed as basis for an optical transceiver module. Therein implemented are mechanical fiducial markers for adjustment-free alignment of the optical connector and the embedded out-of-plane micro-mirrors. The latter will vertically couple the light path from the laser- or detector-array to the polymer waveguide array. In a second part, an experimental approach to characterize the modal power coupling of light propagating in polymer waveguides is investigated. A modal power coupling matrix is thereby used to describe the relation between the input and output modal power distribution of a waveguide. The specific mode launch, required to control the input modal power distribution, is realized by an intensity- and a phase-controlling spatial light modulator (SLM). The modal power distribution at the end facet of the waveguide is analyzed by an approach based on optical Fourier transformation.",
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    Embedded Micro-Mirrors for Compact Routing of Multimode Polymer Waveguides. / Lamprecht, Tobias Peter.

    Enschede : University of Twente, 2011. 137 p.

    Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research external, graduation UT

    TY - THES

    T1 - Embedded Micro-Mirrors for Compact Routing of Multimode Polymer Waveguides

    AU - Lamprecht, Tobias Peter

    PY - 2011/6/23

    Y1 - 2011/6/23

    N2 - The limited scalability of high-speed electrical interconnects drives research on optical interconnect technologies. This work is concerned with compact polymer waveguide routing schemes for optical printed circuit boards (PCB). The developed embedded micro-mirrors are an integral part of the waveguide layer. The micro-structures that make up their bodies are fabricated directly onto the lower cladding of the waveguide by means of UV-laser patterning of a photosensitive resin. Vertical and 45°-tilted micro-structures are eventually used as in-plane and out-of-plane micro-mirrors, respectively. A wet-chemical deposition process is developed to apply the reflective metal layer selectively on the micro-structures. The fabrication processes are compatible to polymer waveguide and PCB manufacturing equipment. An electro-optical flex board is designed as basis for an optical transceiver module. Therein implemented are mechanical fiducial markers for adjustment-free alignment of the optical connector and the embedded out-of-plane micro-mirrors. The latter will vertically couple the light path from the laser- or detector-array to the polymer waveguide array. In a second part, an experimental approach to characterize the modal power coupling of light propagating in polymer waveguides is investigated. A modal power coupling matrix is thereby used to describe the relation between the input and output modal power distribution of a waveguide. The specific mode launch, required to control the input modal power distribution, is realized by an intensity- and a phase-controlling spatial light modulator (SLM). The modal power distribution at the end facet of the waveguide is analyzed by an approach based on optical Fourier transformation.

    AB - The limited scalability of high-speed electrical interconnects drives research on optical interconnect technologies. This work is concerned with compact polymer waveguide routing schemes for optical printed circuit boards (PCB). The developed embedded micro-mirrors are an integral part of the waveguide layer. The micro-structures that make up their bodies are fabricated directly onto the lower cladding of the waveguide by means of UV-laser patterning of a photosensitive resin. Vertical and 45°-tilted micro-structures are eventually used as in-plane and out-of-plane micro-mirrors, respectively. A wet-chemical deposition process is developed to apply the reflective metal layer selectively on the micro-structures. The fabrication processes are compatible to polymer waveguide and PCB manufacturing equipment. An electro-optical flex board is designed as basis for an optical transceiver module. Therein implemented are mechanical fiducial markers for adjustment-free alignment of the optical connector and the embedded out-of-plane micro-mirrors. The latter will vertically couple the light path from the laser- or detector-array to the polymer waveguide array. In a second part, an experimental approach to characterize the modal power coupling of light propagating in polymer waveguides is investigated. A modal power coupling matrix is thereby used to describe the relation between the input and output modal power distribution of a waveguide. The specific mode launch, required to control the input modal power distribution, is realized by an intensity- and a phase-controlling spatial light modulator (SLM). The modal power distribution at the end facet of the waveguide is analyzed by an approach based on optical Fourier transformation.

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    KW - Integrated optics

    KW - Micro-mirrors

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