Embedding email in primary schools: developing a tool for collective reflection

Bregje de Vries, Hans van der Meij, Kerst Th. Boersma, Jules M. Pieters

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)


    Reflection is an important aspect of learning in groups. In collective moments of reflection, learners can share and compare their ideas with others, and by doing so can reach an articulated and personal understanding of a learning task and domain. In the research presented here, e-mail is examined as a means for reflection in the context of group learning. In two design experiments, an e-mail tool is developed that seeks to (1) support collective reflection, and (2) overcome practical problems related to e-mail use in primary classrooms. Two prototypes of the tool are presented and tested in five primary classrooms. We conclude that e-mail supports collective reflection on a learning task after adding the following supportive measures to the regular e-mail program: (1) a fixed partnership, (2) fixed timing, (3) an exercise of individual freewriting, and (4) collective use of a paper worksheet.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)167-183
    JournalJournal of educational computing research
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2005


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