Emotional Brain-Computer Interfaces

Gary Garcia Molina, Tsvetomira Tsoneva, Anton Nijholt

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    42 Citations (Scopus)
    164 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Research in Brain-computer interface (BCI) has significantly increased during the last few years. In addition to their initial role as assisting devices for the physically challenged, BCIs are now proposed for a wider range of applications. As in any HCI application, BCIs can also benefit from adapting their operation to the emotional state of the user. BCIs have the advantage of having access to brain activity which can provide signicant insight into the user's emotional state. This information can be utilized in two manners. 1) Knowledge of the inuence of the emotional state on brain activity patterns can allow the BCI to adapt its recognition algorithms, so that the intention of the user is still correctly interpreted in spite of signal deviations induced by the subject's emotional state. 2) The ability to recognize emotions can be used in BCIs to provide the user with more natural ways of controlling the BCI through affective modulation. Thus, controlling a BCI by recollecting a pleasant memory can be possible and can potentially lead to higher information transfer rates. These two approaches of emotion utilization in BCI are elaborated in detail in this paper in the framework of noninvasive EEG based BCIs.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings 3rd International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction and Workshops, ACII 2009
    EditorsJeffrey Cohn, Anton Nijholt, Maja Pantic
    Place of PublicationLos Alamitos, NJ
    PublisherIEEE Computer Society Press
    Pages138-146
    Number of pages9
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4244-4799-2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 12 Sep 2009
    Event3rd International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction, ACII 2009 - Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Duration: 10 Sep 200912 Sep 2009
    Conference number: 3

    Conference

    Conference3rd International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction, ACII 2009
    Abbreviated titleACII
    CountryNetherlands
    CityAmsterdam
    Period10/09/0912/09/09

    Keywords

    • METIS-264001
    • Brain-Computer Interfacing
    • IR-68935
    • Emotion elicitation
    • BCI
    • HMI-MI: MULTIMODAL INTERACTIONS
    • EEG
    • Affectice computing
    • EWI-16010
    • User adaptation
    • Emotion detection

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