Endothelialization of crosslinked albumin-heparin gels

Gert W. Bos, Nicole M. Scharenborg, André A. Poot, Gerard H.M. Engbers, Tom Beugeling, Willem G. van Aken, Jan Feijen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    18 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Crosslinked gels of albumin as well as heparinized albumin gels, potential sealants of prosthetic vascular grafts, were studied with regard to in vitro stability, binding of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and cellular interactions. A small percentage of the heparin present in these gels, was released during storage in SDS solution. During storage in cell culture medium at 37° C, heparin release was 21-25 percent. Release of albumin did not occur.

    Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) rapidly adhered and subsequently spread on (heparinized) albumin gels, but proliferation was only observed if heparin was present in the gel.

    Binding of 125I-bFGF to heparinized albumin gel was 35 percent higher than to non-heparinized albumin gel. Growth of HUVECs occurred only on heparinized albumin gel loaded with bFGF and not on bFGF-loaded albumin gel.

    The number of platelets deposited under stationary conditions onto heparinized albumin gel was about twice the number found on nonheparinized albumin gel. Seeding of HUVECs on heparinized albumin gel, significantly reduced the number of platelets adhering to this surface. Moreover, no spreading of platelets was observed on substrates seeded with HUVECs.

    It can be concluded that crosslinked gels of albumin to which heparin is immobilized, are candidate sealants for prosthetic vascular grafts and suitable substrates for endothelial cell seeding.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1757-1763
    JournalThrombosis and haemostasis
    Volume82
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1999

    Keywords

    • METIS-105682

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