Endovascular treatment of chronic splanchnic syndrome

J. L. van Wanroij, A. S. van Petersen, A. B. Huisman, P. B F Mensink, D. G. Gerrits, J. J. Kolkman, R. H. Geelkerken*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)
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Objective. The technical and clinical outcome of endovascular revascularization was analyzed in patients with suspicion of chronic splanchnic syndrome (CSS). Methods. Medical history, duplex, angiography and exercise gastric tonometry suggested CSS in 97 patients. Twenty-seven of them were treated endovascular (one patient had 3-vessel, 12 patients had 2-vessels, 14 patients had 1-vessel CSS). Five patients received previous splanchnic revascularization. Twenty-three patients (85%) had severe co-morbidity: cardiac, pulmonary or cachexia. Endovascular treatment consisted of percutaneous transluminal angiography (PTA) of the coeliac artery (CA) or superior mesenteric artery (SMA) in three and primary balloon expandable stenting in 24 patients (13 CA and 10 SMA solitary, two CA and SMA both, 31 splanchnic arteries in total). Results. Three patients showed procedure related complications (11%). Mean follow-up was 19, range 2-76 months. Two patients died during follow up, both not procedure or CSS related. Five patients had no improvement of symptoms, without evidence of re- or residual stenosis. The primary clinical success was 67%, secondary clinical success was 81%. The primary patency was 81% and secondary patency was 100%. Conclusion. Endovascular treatment of CSS has a reasonable outcome. It is an alternative to operative treatment, especially in patients with high co-morbidity or limited life expectancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-200
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean journal of vascular and endovascular surgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Atherosclerosis
  • Balloon expandable stent
  • Chronic splanchnic syndrome
  • Endovascular treatment
  • Mesenteric ischemia


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