Enhanced Cycling and Rate Capability by Epitaxially Matched Conductive Cubic TiO Coating on LiCoO2Cathode Films

Deepak P. Singh*, Yorick A. Birkhölzer, Daniel M. Cunha, Thijs Dubbelink, Sizhao Huang, Theodoor A. Hendriks, Caroline Lievens, Mark Huijben*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
174 Downloads (Pure)


Layered lithium transition-metal oxides, such as LiCoO2 and its doped and lithium-rich analogues, have become the most attractive cathode material for current lithium-ion batteries due to their excellent power and energy densities. However, parasitic reactions at the cathode-electrolyte interface, such as metal-ion dissolution and electrolyte degradation, instigate major safety and performance issues. Although metal oxide coatings can enhance the chemical and structural stability, their insulating nature and lattice mismatch with the adjacent cathode material can act as a physical barrier for ion transport, which increases the charge-transfer resistance across the interface and impedes cell performance at high rates. Here, epitaxial engineering is applied to stabilize a cubic (100)-oriented TiO layer on top of single (104)-oriented LiCoO2 thin films to study the effect of a conductive coating on the electrochemical performance. Lattice matching between the (104) LiCoO2 surface facets and the (100) TiO plane enables the formation of the titanium mono-oxide phase, which dramatically enhances the cycling stability as well as the rate capability of LiCoO2. This cubic TiO coating enhances the preservation of the phase and structural stability across the (104) LiCoO2 surface. The results suggest a more stable Co3+ oxidation state, which not only limits the cobalt-ion dissolution into the electrolyte but also suppresses the catalytic degradation of the liquid electrolyte. Furthermore, the high c-rate performance combined with high Columbic efficiency indicates that interstitial sites in the cubic TiO lattice offer facile pathways for fast lithium-ion transport.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5024-5033
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Energy Materials
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 24 May 2021


  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • epitaxial thin film
  • interface engineering
  • LiCoO
  • lithium transport
  • cubic titanium oxide


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