Enhanced piezoelectric properties of (110)-oriented PbZr1−xTixO3 epitaxial thin films on silicon substrates at shifted morphotropic phase boundary

X. Wan, Evert Pieter Houwman, Ruud Johannes Antonius Steenwelle, R. van Schaijk, Duc Minh Nguyen, Jan M. Dekkers, Augustinus J.H.M. Rijnders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Piezoelectrical, ferroelectrical, and structural properties of epitaxial pseudocubic (110)pc oriented 500 nm thick PbZr1−xTixO3 thin films, prepared by pulsed laser deposition on (001) silicon substrates, were measured as a function of composition. The dependence of the measurement data on the Ti content is explained by an abrupt transition from the rhombohedral r-phase to the tetragonal (c/a) 45 phase for x  ≈  0.6, indicating a shift of the Morphotropic Phase Boundary to this value, where the effective piezoelectric coefficient e3 1 ,eff and dielectric constant ε33 ,eff reach their maximum values. These findings are of great significance for Si-based piezo-micro electro mechanical systems, in particular energy harvesters. The largest value of the figure-of-merit for such devices was found for x  = 0.6, FOM=24.0 GPa
Original languageEnglish
Article number092902
Pages (from-to)-
Number of pages5
JournalApplied physics letters
Volume104
Issue number092902
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • METIS-303198
  • IR-90637

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