Enhanced secrecy in optical communication using speckle from multiple scattering layers

Alfredo Rates*, Joris Vrehen, Bert Mulder, Wilbert L. Ijzerman, Willem L. Vos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Downloads (Pure)


We study the secrecy of an optical communication system with two scattering layers, to hide both the sender and receiver, by measuring the correlation of the intermediate speckle generated between the two layers. The binary message is modulated as spatially shaped wavefronts, and the high number of transmission modes of the scattering layers allows for many uncorrelated incident wavefronts to send the same message, making it difficult for an attacker to intercept or decode the message and thus increasing secrecy. We collect 50,000 intermediate speckle patterns and analyze their correlation distribution using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov (K-S) test. We search for further correlations using the K-Means and Hierarchical unsupervised classification algorithms. We find no correlation between the intermediate speckle and the message, suggesting a person-in-the-middle attack is not possible. This method is compatible with any digital encryption method and is applicable for codifications in optical wireless communication (OWC).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23897-23909
Number of pages13
JournalOptics express
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jul 2023


Dive into the research topics of 'Enhanced secrecy in optical communication using speckle from multiple scattering layers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this