Enhancing oneself with an exosense: Learning from users' experiences

Stéphanie Gauttier*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The literature on human enhancement has long been limited to the fields of bioethics and philosophy, confining itself to an ideological battle. However, scholars have called for empirical data to move the debate forward. While there is a nascent literature on attitudes toward the human enhancement technology, there has been no scholarly examination of the experience of enhancement. Yet, risks and ethical issues reveal themselves through use. This paper focuses on a new form of cyborg technology for cognitive enhancement on the market: exosenses, that is, external senses. Three cases of the use of exosenses are presented. The experience of exosense users is analyzed based on interviews published in the media and videos posted by the users themselves. A thematic analysis is conducted. The different dimensions of the experiences are revealed. The first one pertains to defining augmentation, the second one is the natural character of exosenses, third one is the impact that the exosense has on real life, the fourth theme is about personal identity and exosense, and finally, the fifth theme revolves around the risks and opportunities presented by the use of exosenses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-340
Number of pages24
JournalHuman Behavior and Emerging Technologies
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019


  • case-study
  • cyborg
  • ethics
  • exosense
  • human enhancement
  • media analysis
  • risks
  • technology appropriation
  • use
  • user experience


Dive into the research topics of 'Enhancing oneself with an exosense: Learning from users' experiences'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this