Entrepreneurial culture in innovative biotech clusters.

Hubertus Johannes Maria Ruel, P. Frolova, Arend J. Groen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper presents a study on the determinants of entrepreneurial culture in innovative biotech clusters. A literature review led to the identification of nine determinants. For the empirical study four clusters in Western Europe with a high entrepreneurial culture were selected. Cluster participants were invited to fill out a questionnaire. In addition semi–structured interviews were held with selected participants in order to get in–depth information from cluster participants. Social networks, company role models, and funding seemed to be the most important determinants of an entrepreneurial culture in biotech clusters. Moreover, the findings suggest that determinants are interrelated, and that some are indirectly influencing entrepreneurial culture while others are directly determining entrepreneurial culture
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-263
JournalInternational journal of entrepreneurship and small business
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • IR-81283
  • METIS-287789


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