Environmental collaboration: Potential and limits

Cathy L. Hartman, Peter Hofman, Edwin R. Stafford

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic


Collaborative processes toward sustainability have been receiving increased interest among scholars, policy makers, business practitioners, and other environmental constituents (Hartman et al., 1999). Despite the emergence and acceptance of collaboration within and across a variety of sectors, including government, industry, and the environmental community, little critical research has contributed to our understanding of how effective and appropriate collaboration is as an alternative to traditional ‘command and control,’ protest, or confrontational approaches to environmental protection and sustainability (Harrison, 1999). In a review of collaborative partnerships amongst environmental non-government organisations (NGOs), businesses, and other entities, Murphy and Bendell (1997) claimed: “In most of the partnerships described ... almost no attempt was made to develop systems to evaluate the partnership’s direct contributions to the achievement of environmental goals” (p. 229). In practice, some of the shortcomings resulting from collaboration to address environmental problems have generated harsh criticisms (Currah, 2000).
Original languageUndefined
Title of host publicationPartnership and leadership : Building alliances for a sustainable future
EditorsTheo de Bruijn, Arnold Tukker
Place of PublicationDordrecht
PublisherKluwer Academic Publishers
ISBN (Print)1402004311
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Publication series

NameEco-Efficiency in Industry and Science
PublisherKluwer Academic Publishers


  • METIS-211271
  • IR-45069

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