Environmental Sustainability in Ports

Eduardo Lalla-Ruiz*, Leonard Heilig, Stefan Voß

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Due to increasing environmental regulations and requirements in the maritime sector, it is crucial that stakeholders not only understand the positive effects of green solutions from an ecological point of view but also see the positive synergies regarding operational and economic performance. Therefore, structures, processes, technologies, and methods that support green strategies fulfilling both economic and environmental objectives are desired by the industry and contribute to sustainable growth and development. This chapter introduces the concept of environmental sustainability in ports and explains how to incorporate environmental indicators into modeling and decision making. We present a framework encompassing different means for addressing environmental issues on various operational levels that are currently discussed in research and industry. Focusing on the area of planning and optimization, we give an overview of port operations and explain, by means of an example of berthing operations, how concepts and strategies, like slow steaming, can be considered in decision making.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSustainable Transportation and Smart Logistics
Subtitle of host publicationDecision-Making Models and Solutions
EditorsJavier Faulin, Scott E. Grasman, Angel A. Juan, Patrick Hirsch
Number of pages25
ISBN (Electronic)9780128142431
ISBN (Print)9780128142424
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Decision support
  • Framework
  • Green ports
  • Maritime logistics
  • Slow steaming
  • Sustainability
  • Green logistics
  • Environmental impact
  • Logistics

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