Methods: Nine European NSCLC CTC centers were asked to provide reported/unreported anonymised data for patients with advanced NSCLC who participated in CellSearch CTC studies from January 2003 - March 2017. We used Cox regression models, stratified by centre, to establish the association between CTC count and survival. We assessed the added value of CTCs to prognostic clinico-pathological models using likelihood ratio (LR) statistics and c-indices.
Results: Seven out of nine eligible centers provided data for 550 eligible patients, including 209 patients whose prognostic information was previously unpublished. CTC counts of ≥ 2 and ≥5 per 7·5 mL were associated with reduced progression-free survival (≥2 CTCs: HR 1.72, p < 0·001; ≥5 CTCs: HR 2.21, p < 0·001) and overall survival (≥2 CTCs: HR 2·18, p < 0·001; ≥5 CTCs: HR 2·75, p < 0·001), respectively. Survival prediction was significantly improved by addition of baseline CTC count to LR clinico-pathological models (log-transformed CTCs p < 0·0001; ≥2 CTCs p < 0·0001; ≥5 CTCs p < 0·0001), while more moderate improvements were observed with the use of c-index models. There was minor evidence of between-center heterogeneity in the effect on PFS, but not OS.No difference in CTC profile was observed between key NSCLC molecular subsets such as EGFR, ALK, and KRAS.
Conclusions: These data confirm CTCs as an independent prognostic indicator of progression-free survival and overall survival in advanced NSCLC. CTC count improves prognostication when added to full clinico-pathological predictive models. ≥2 CTCs is an appropriate cutoff to move towards establishing clinical utility.
|Journal||Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology|
|Issue number||Supplement 2|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Apr 2019|
|Event||European Lung Cancer Congress, ELCC 2019 - Geneva, Switzerland|
Duration: 10 Apr 2019 → 13 Apr 2019