Integrating functional complex oxides with conventional (“non-oxide”) semiconductors emerges to be an important research field and has been attracting great interest. Because of their superior intrinsic material properties, such as a relatively high dielectric constant and polarization, the utilization of PbZr1- xTixO3 (PZT) materials as a dielectric layer is expected to greatly improve the performance of the GaN high electron mobility transistor. The functional PbZr1- xTixO3 exhibits quite different crystal structures and consequently physical properties depending on the composition. In this work we report the growth of full range of compositions of PZT films on MgO buffered GaN substrates. Besides revealing the temperature effect on phase formation and surface morphology, we demonstrated the strong effect of composition on the growth: pure (1 1 1) phase is formed in Ti-rich PZT (x > 0.48) while pyrochlore impurity phase is found in Zr-rich PZT (x < 0.48). By introducing an ultrathin Ti-rich PZT seed layer, we are able to achieve epitaxial growth of Zr-rich PZT. The epitaxial PZT films of different composition all exhibit good ferroelectric properties, showing great promise for future GaN device applications.
- Physical vapor deposition processes
- Pulsed Laser deposition
- Ferroelectric materials