Epitaxial tin selenide thin film thermoelectrics

Marijn W. van de Putte, Mark Huijben*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

To enable the realization of miniaturized thermoelectric energy generation (TEG) devices for autonomous wireless sensors, high-quality thin film architectures are required. Although tin selenide (SnSe) has been identified as a promising thermoelectric material exhibiting ZT values up to 2.6 at 923 K for single crystals, most thin film studies evaluated polycrystalline or textured SnSe samples. Here, we have explored for the first time the impact of epitaxial alignment of the orthorhombic SnSe crystal structure on an orthorhombic DyScO3 substrate, in strong contrast to the few previous studies on cubic substrates. The achieved (1 0 0)-oriented single crystalline SnSe thin films exhibit the formation of two SnSe domain types. The in-plane electrical conductivity along the (b,c)-plane shows an abrupt increase above 400 K instead of the typical steady increase. The in-plane Seebeck coefficients exhibit very similar values as single crystals, leading to a maximum power factor of about 6.0 μW·K−2·cm−1. For these SnSe thin films, exhibiting two domain variants with in-plane alignment of the (b,c)-plane, a typical low thermal conductivity is expected, demonstrating the effectiveness of epitaxial alignment to enhance thermoelectric performance and to enable the realization of miniaturized thermoelectric energy generation (TEG) devices for autonomous wireless sensors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number157034
JournalApplied surface science
Volume623
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2023

Keywords

  • Domains
  • Epitaxy
  • Thermoelectrics
  • Thin film
  • Tin selenide
  • UT-Hybrid-D

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