In order to provide the background for nonequilibrium thermodynamics, we outline the fundamentals of equilibrium thermodynamics. Equilibrium thermodynamics must not only be obtained as a special case of any acceptable nonequilibrium generalization but, through its shining example, it also elucidates the wide scope, the emphasis on universal relationships, and the advantages of a systematic postulational approach to nonequilibrium thermodynamics. Our outline follows Callen’s widely accepted, clearly structured approach as closely as possible.
- Callen’s postulational approach
- Equilibrium thermodynamics
- Statistical mechanics
Jongschaap, R. J. J., & Öttinger, H. C. (2001). Equilibrium thermodynamics - Callen's postulational approach. Journal of non-newtonian fluid mechanics, 96(96), 5-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-0257(00)00137-3