In this paper, we investigate ethical issues involved in the development and implementation of Internet voting technology. From a phenomenological perspective, we describe how voting via the Internet mediates the relation between people and democracy. In this relation, trust plays a major role. The dynamics of trust in the relation between people and their world forms the basis for our analysis of the ethical issues involved. First, we consider established principles of voting, confirming the identity of our democracy, which function as expectations in current experiments with online voting in the Netherlands. We investigate whether and how Internet voting can meet these expectations and thereby earn trust, based on the experiments in the Netherlands. We identify major challenges, and provide a basis for ethical and political discussion on these issues, especially the changed relation between public and private. If we decide that we want to vote via the Internet, more practical matters come into play in the implementation of the technology. The choices involved here are discussed in relation to the mediating role of concrete voting technologies in the relation between citizen and state.
|Title of host publication||E-Democracy: Concepts and Practices|
|Publisher||ICFAI University Press|
|Number of pages||24|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|
Pieters, W., & Becker, M. J. (2008). Ethics of e-voting: an essay on requirements and values in Internet elections. In S. S. Mishra (Ed.), E-Democracy: Concepts and Practices (pp. 134-157). ICFAI University Press.