Eulerian modeling of inertial and diffusional aerosol deposition in bent pipes

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Abstract

This paper presents a sectional Eulerian aerosol model for size-dependent droplet deposition at walls of the domain, driven by both diffusion and inertia. The model is based on the internally mixed assumption and employs the formulation for compressible aerosols. It is validated in a bent pipe geometry against models and experimental and numerical data from literature. Good agreement is found in both the diffusion and inertial deposition regimes. To improve the overprediction of inertial deposition by a boundary treatment that adopts zero-gradient droplet wall velocity, we use a corrected wall velocity, based on an analytical solution of the droplet motion near the wall. In the bent pipe setting the corrected wall velocity is found to reduce the overprediction of deposition and is less sensitive to grid refinement. We also show that refining the computational mesh near the pipe wall improves the predicted deposition efficiency, significantly. Finally, we present a parameter study varying the Reynolds number and the bend curvature. The deposition efficiency curve is recorded for droplet diameters ranging from the nanometer scale to beyond the micrometer scale, which is a unique contribution of this paper. The complete size range is simulated in only one simulation, due to the sectional approach. In the diffusion-dominated regime an increase in Reynolds number leads to a gradual enhancement of deposition. In the inertial regime, where droplet drift dominates deposition, a much stronger dependence on the Reynolds number is found. The dependence of the deposition on the bend curvature is less pronounced. The results shown in this paper establish the role of Eulerian simulation in predicting deposition of aerosol droplets and are useful for understanding size-dependent aerosol deposition in other more complex confined geometries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-231
Number of pages14
JournalComputers and fluids
Volume159
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2017

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Aerosols
Pipe
Reynolds number
Geometry
Refining

Keywords

  • Aerosol
  • deposition
  • drift
  • diffusion
  • transport
  • bent pipe
  • droplet size distribution

Cite this

@article{3328a7cb2c7e4149a99fad351c546ec4,
title = "Eulerian modeling of inertial and diffusional aerosol deposition in bent pipes",
abstract = "This paper presents a sectional Eulerian aerosol model for size-dependent droplet deposition at walls of the domain, driven by both diffusion and inertia. The model is based on the internally mixed assumption and employs the formulation for compressible aerosols. It is validated in a bent pipe geometry against models and experimental and numerical data from literature. Good agreement is found in both the diffusion and inertial deposition regimes. To improve the overprediction of inertial deposition by a boundary treatment that adopts zero-gradient droplet wall velocity, we use a corrected wall velocity, based on an analytical solution of the droplet motion near the wall. In the bent pipe setting the corrected wall velocity is found to reduce the overprediction of deposition and is less sensitive to grid refinement. We also show that refining the computational mesh near the pipe wall improves the predicted deposition efficiency, significantly. Finally, we present a parameter study varying the Reynolds number and the bend curvature. The deposition efficiency curve is recorded for droplet diameters ranging from the nanometer scale to beyond the micrometer scale, which is a unique contribution of this paper. The complete size range is simulated in only one simulation, due to the sectional approach. In the diffusion-dominated regime an increase in Reynolds number leads to a gradual enhancement of deposition. In the inertial regime, where droplet drift dominates deposition, a much stronger dependence on the Reynolds number is found. The dependence of the deposition on the bend curvature is less pronounced. The results shown in this paper establish the role of Eulerian simulation in predicting deposition of aerosol droplets and are useful for understanding size-dependent aerosol deposition in other more complex confined geometries.",
keywords = "Aerosol, deposition, drift, diffusion, transport, bent pipe, droplet size distribution",
author = "E.M.A. Frederix and Kuczaj, {Arkadiusz K.} and Markus Nordlund and Veldman, {Arthur Eduard Paul} and Geurts, {Bernardus J.}",
note = "Open Access",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.compfluid.2017.09.018",
language = "English",
volume = "159",
pages = "217--231",
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Eulerian modeling of inertial and diffusional aerosol deposition in bent pipes. / Frederix, E.M.A.; Kuczaj, Arkadiusz K.; Nordlund, Markus; Veldman, Arthur Eduard Paul; Geurts, Bernardus J.

In: Computers and fluids, Vol. 159, 15.12.2017, p. 217-231.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Eulerian modeling of inertial and diffusional aerosol deposition in bent pipes

AU - Frederix, E.M.A.

AU - Kuczaj, Arkadiusz K.

AU - Nordlund, Markus

AU - Veldman, Arthur Eduard Paul

AU - Geurts, Bernardus J.

N1 - Open Access

PY - 2017/12/15

Y1 - 2017/12/15

N2 - This paper presents a sectional Eulerian aerosol model for size-dependent droplet deposition at walls of the domain, driven by both diffusion and inertia. The model is based on the internally mixed assumption and employs the formulation for compressible aerosols. It is validated in a bent pipe geometry against models and experimental and numerical data from literature. Good agreement is found in both the diffusion and inertial deposition regimes. To improve the overprediction of inertial deposition by a boundary treatment that adopts zero-gradient droplet wall velocity, we use a corrected wall velocity, based on an analytical solution of the droplet motion near the wall. In the bent pipe setting the corrected wall velocity is found to reduce the overprediction of deposition and is less sensitive to grid refinement. We also show that refining the computational mesh near the pipe wall improves the predicted deposition efficiency, significantly. Finally, we present a parameter study varying the Reynolds number and the bend curvature. The deposition efficiency curve is recorded for droplet diameters ranging from the nanometer scale to beyond the micrometer scale, which is a unique contribution of this paper. The complete size range is simulated in only one simulation, due to the sectional approach. In the diffusion-dominated regime an increase in Reynolds number leads to a gradual enhancement of deposition. In the inertial regime, where droplet drift dominates deposition, a much stronger dependence on the Reynolds number is found. The dependence of the deposition on the bend curvature is less pronounced. The results shown in this paper establish the role of Eulerian simulation in predicting deposition of aerosol droplets and are useful for understanding size-dependent aerosol deposition in other more complex confined geometries.

AB - This paper presents a sectional Eulerian aerosol model for size-dependent droplet deposition at walls of the domain, driven by both diffusion and inertia. The model is based on the internally mixed assumption and employs the formulation for compressible aerosols. It is validated in a bent pipe geometry against models and experimental and numerical data from literature. Good agreement is found in both the diffusion and inertial deposition regimes. To improve the overprediction of inertial deposition by a boundary treatment that adopts zero-gradient droplet wall velocity, we use a corrected wall velocity, based on an analytical solution of the droplet motion near the wall. In the bent pipe setting the corrected wall velocity is found to reduce the overprediction of deposition and is less sensitive to grid refinement. We also show that refining the computational mesh near the pipe wall improves the predicted deposition efficiency, significantly. Finally, we present a parameter study varying the Reynolds number and the bend curvature. The deposition efficiency curve is recorded for droplet diameters ranging from the nanometer scale to beyond the micrometer scale, which is a unique contribution of this paper. The complete size range is simulated in only one simulation, due to the sectional approach. In the diffusion-dominated regime an increase in Reynolds number leads to a gradual enhancement of deposition. In the inertial regime, where droplet drift dominates deposition, a much stronger dependence on the Reynolds number is found. The dependence of the deposition on the bend curvature is less pronounced. The results shown in this paper establish the role of Eulerian simulation in predicting deposition of aerosol droplets and are useful for understanding size-dependent aerosol deposition in other more complex confined geometries.

KW - Aerosol

KW - deposition

KW - drift

KW - diffusion

KW - transport

KW - bent pipe

KW - droplet size distribution

U2 - 10.1016/j.compfluid.2017.09.018

DO - 10.1016/j.compfluid.2017.09.018

M3 - Article

VL - 159

SP - 217

EP - 231

JO - Computers and fluids

JF - Computers and fluids

SN - 0045-7930

ER -