Evaluating creative ideas: Insights from erps and changes in the upper alpha bank

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting AbstractOther research output

Abstract

Thus far, electrophysiological research on creativity has employed production tasks and measured changes in the alpha band in time windows lasting several seconds, while participants produced creative ideas. These studies had, however, limited temporal resolution, which made it difficult to identify specific cognitive processes underlying creative thinking. In the current study, we employed a modified version of the alternate uses task, in which participants evaluated word pairs representing the common, creative, and impossible uses of objects according to how (im)possible and (un)common they seemed. In the even-related potential (ERP) analysis, a graded effect was found, with impossible uses evoking the largest, common the lowest, and creative intermediate N400 amplitudes. Moreover, greater power in the upper alpha band was observed in the creative than common condition in the time window between 400–1000ms. Interestingly, this effect was absent in the lower alpha band, which differs from previous reports in which an increase in both the upper and lower alpha bands was found. The graded N400 effect can be interpreted as reflecting increased activity in semantic memory needed to evaluate the creative word pairs. The difference in the upper alpha band might index increased semantic processing demands and larger inhibition of task-irrelevant information on creative than common trials. Since task demands remain comparable on all trials, these findings seem directly related to cognitive processes involved in evaluating creative ideas.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S143-S143
JournalPsychophysiology
Volume54
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017
Event57th Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research 2017 - The Hofburg, Vienna, Austria
Duration: 11 Oct 201715 Oct 2017
Conference number: 57

Keywords

  • creativity
  • event-related potentials
  • upper alpha band

Cite this

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title = "Evaluating creative ideas: Insights from erps and changes in the upper alpha bank",
abstract = "Thus far, electrophysiological research on creativity has employed production tasks and measured changes in the alpha band in time windows lasting several seconds, while participants produced creative ideas. These studies had, however, limited temporal resolution, which made it difficult to identify specific cognitive processes underlying creative thinking. In the current study, we employed a modified version of the alternate uses task, in which participants evaluated word pairs representing the common, creative, and impossible uses of objects according to how (im)possible and (un)common they seemed. In the even-related potential (ERP) analysis, a graded effect was found, with impossible uses evoking the largest, common the lowest, and creative intermediate N400 amplitudes. Moreover, greater power in the upper alpha band was observed in the creative than common condition in the time window between 400–1000ms. Interestingly, this effect was absent in the lower alpha band, which differs from previous reports in which an increase in both the upper and lower alpha bands was found. The graded N400 effect can be interpreted as reflecting increased activity in semantic memory needed to evaluate the creative word pairs. The difference in the upper alpha band might index increased semantic processing demands and larger inhibition of task-irrelevant information on creative than common trials. Since task demands remain comparable on all trials, these findings seem directly related to cognitive processes involved in evaluating creative ideas.",
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pages = "S143--S143",
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Evaluating creative ideas : Insights from erps and changes in the upper alpha bank. / Rataj, Karolina; Nazareth, Deniece; van der Velde, Frank.

In: Psychophysiology, Vol. 54, 12.2017, p. S143-S143.

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting AbstractOther research output

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T1 - Evaluating creative ideas

T2 - Insights from erps and changes in the upper alpha bank

AU - Rataj, Karolina

AU - Nazareth, Deniece

AU - van der Velde, Frank

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N2 - Thus far, electrophysiological research on creativity has employed production tasks and measured changes in the alpha band in time windows lasting several seconds, while participants produced creative ideas. These studies had, however, limited temporal resolution, which made it difficult to identify specific cognitive processes underlying creative thinking. In the current study, we employed a modified version of the alternate uses task, in which participants evaluated word pairs representing the common, creative, and impossible uses of objects according to how (im)possible and (un)common they seemed. In the even-related potential (ERP) analysis, a graded effect was found, with impossible uses evoking the largest, common the lowest, and creative intermediate N400 amplitudes. Moreover, greater power in the upper alpha band was observed in the creative than common condition in the time window between 400–1000ms. Interestingly, this effect was absent in the lower alpha band, which differs from previous reports in which an increase in both the upper and lower alpha bands was found. The graded N400 effect can be interpreted as reflecting increased activity in semantic memory needed to evaluate the creative word pairs. The difference in the upper alpha band might index increased semantic processing demands and larger inhibition of task-irrelevant information on creative than common trials. Since task demands remain comparable on all trials, these findings seem directly related to cognitive processes involved in evaluating creative ideas.

AB - Thus far, electrophysiological research on creativity has employed production tasks and measured changes in the alpha band in time windows lasting several seconds, while participants produced creative ideas. These studies had, however, limited temporal resolution, which made it difficult to identify specific cognitive processes underlying creative thinking. In the current study, we employed a modified version of the alternate uses task, in which participants evaluated word pairs representing the common, creative, and impossible uses of objects according to how (im)possible and (un)common they seemed. In the even-related potential (ERP) analysis, a graded effect was found, with impossible uses evoking the largest, common the lowest, and creative intermediate N400 amplitudes. Moreover, greater power in the upper alpha band was observed in the creative than common condition in the time window between 400–1000ms. Interestingly, this effect was absent in the lower alpha band, which differs from previous reports in which an increase in both the upper and lower alpha bands was found. The graded N400 effect can be interpreted as reflecting increased activity in semantic memory needed to evaluate the creative word pairs. The difference in the upper alpha band might index increased semantic processing demands and larger inhibition of task-irrelevant information on creative than common trials. Since task demands remain comparable on all trials, these findings seem directly related to cognitive processes involved in evaluating creative ideas.

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