Evaluation of water demand and supply in the south of Iraq

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Abstract

This paper presents results from the first study that focuses on water resources availability and demand for different purposes in the four oil-rich provinces of southern Iraq. The region accounts for 23% of the surface area and 18% of the country's population, but holds 88% of its oil. A water shortage of 430 Mm3/year for 2010 is estimated for this region where irrigation accounts for 81% of the total water demand. Dhi Qar is the largest agricultural producer and water consumer while Al Basrah and Al Muthanna have the largest water shortages among the four provinces. The interrelationship of energy–water production and utilization is discussed and the annual water balance for irrigation, industrial, domestic and livestock usage in the different provinces determined. On this basis recommendations are made for treating and utilizing the steadily increasing amounts of water produced from the oilfields to supplement the other sustainable water resources in that region.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-226
JournalJournal of water reuse and desalination
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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water demand
water supply
Water
water resource
irrigation
Water resources
Irrigation
water
oil
Oils
resource availability
water budget
livestock
surface area
Farms
evaluation
Availability
province

Keywords

  • METIS-316331
  • IR-100436

Cite this

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title = "Evaluation of water demand and supply in the south of Iraq",
abstract = "This paper presents results from the first study that focuses on water resources availability and demand for different purposes in the four oil-rich provinces of southern Iraq. The region accounts for 23{\%} of the surface area and 18{\%} of the country's population, but holds 88{\%} of its oil. A water shortage of 430 Mm3/year for 2010 is estimated for this region where irrigation accounts for 81{\%} of the total water demand. Dhi Qar is the largest agricultural producer and water consumer while Al Basrah and Al Muthanna have the largest water shortages among the four provinces. The interrelationship of energy–water production and utilization is discussed and the annual water balance for irrigation, industrial, domestic and livestock usage in the different provinces determined. On this basis recommendations are made for treating and utilizing the steadily increasing amounts of water produced from the oilfields to supplement the other sustainable water resources in that region.",
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author = "Mustafa Al-Furaiji and Karim, {Usama F.A.} and Augustijn, {Dionysius C.M.} and Basma Waisi and Hulscher, {Suzanne J.M.H.}",
year = "2016",
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pages = "214--226",
journal = "Journal of water reuse and desalination",
issn = "2220-1319",
publisher = "IWA Publishing",
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}

Evaluation of water demand and supply in the south of Iraq. / Al-Furaiji, Mustafa; Karim, Usama F.A.; Augustijn, Dionysius C.M.; Waisi, Basma; Hulscher, Suzanne J.M.H.

In: Journal of water reuse and desalination, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2016, p. 214-226.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

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AU - Al-Furaiji, Mustafa

AU - Karim, Usama F.A.

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AU - Hulscher, Suzanne J.M.H.

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AB - This paper presents results from the first study that focuses on water resources availability and demand for different purposes in the four oil-rich provinces of southern Iraq. The region accounts for 23% of the surface area and 18% of the country's population, but holds 88% of its oil. A water shortage of 430 Mm3/year for 2010 is estimated for this region where irrigation accounts for 81% of the total water demand. Dhi Qar is the largest agricultural producer and water consumer while Al Basrah and Al Muthanna have the largest water shortages among the four provinces. The interrelationship of energy–water production and utilization is discussed and the annual water balance for irrigation, industrial, domestic and livestock usage in the different provinces determined. On this basis recommendations are made for treating and utilizing the steadily increasing amounts of water produced from the oilfields to supplement the other sustainable water resources in that region.

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KW - IR-100436

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