Evaluation of water quality index for drinking purposes for river Netravathi, Mangalore, South India

Santosh M. Avvannavar, S. Shrihari

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

    117 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    An attempt has been made to develop water quality index (WQI), using six water quality parameters Dissolved oxygen (DO), Biochemical oxygen Demand (BOD), Most Probable Number (MPN), Turbidity, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) and pH measured at eight different stations along the river basin. Rating curves were drawn based on the tolerance limits of inland waters and health point of view. Bhargava WQI method and Harmonic Mean WQI method were used to find overall WQI along the stretch of the river basin. Five point rating scale was used to classify water quality in each of the study areas. It was found that the water quality of Netravathi varied from Excellent to Marginal range by Bhargava WQI method and Excellent to Poor range by Harmonic Mean WQI method. It was observed that the impact of human activity was severe on most of the parameters. The MPN values exceeded the tolerable limits at almost all the stations. It was observed that the main cause of deterioration in water quality was due to the lack of proper sanitation, unprotected river sites and high anthropogenic activities.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)279-290
    JournalEnvironmental monitoring and assessment
    Volume143
    Issue number1-3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

    Keywords

    • IR-59981

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