Evolution of aromatic structures during the reforming of bio-oil: Importance of the interactions among bio-oil components

Yi Wang, Xun Hu, Daniel Mourant, Yao Song, Lei Zhang, Caroline Lievens, Jun Xiang, Chun Zhu Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Steam reforming of bio-oils is a viable way to produce syngas, but certain challenges need to be overcome before its commercial application. One of the main issues is the formation of tar and coke. Investigation of the evolution/formation of aromatic structures in steam reforming is an effective way to understand the mechanism of tar/coke formation. In this study, the pyrolysis, steam reforming and catalytic steam reforming of mallee wood bio-oil and its lignin-derived oligomers were conducted in a quartz reactor at various temperatures (500-850°C). The product tars were characterised by ultraviolet (UV) fluorescence spectroscopy. The results indicate that the interactions among the compounds degraded from lignin and cellulose/hemicellulose obviously affect the evolution of aromatic structures during the catalytic steam reforming of bio-oil. Furthermore, Raman spectroscopy of the catalyst provided information on the interactions of the volatile compounds and the deposit on the catalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)805-812
Number of pages8
JournalFuel
Volume111
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Steam reforming
Reforming reactions
Oils
Tars
Tar
Catalytic reforming
Lignin
Coke
Catalysts
Quartz
Fluorescence spectroscopy
Ultraviolet spectroscopy
Oligomers
Cellulose
Raman spectroscopy
Wood
Pyrolysis
Deposits
Temperature

Keywords

  • Aromatic ring structures
  • Bio-oil
  • Catalytic steam reforming
  • Lignin-derived oligomers
  • ITC-ISI-JOURNAL-ARTICLE

Cite this

Wang, Yi ; Hu, Xun ; Mourant, Daniel ; Song, Yao ; Zhang, Lei ; Lievens, Caroline ; Xiang, Jun ; Li, Chun Zhu. / Evolution of aromatic structures during the reforming of bio-oil : Importance of the interactions among bio-oil components. In: Fuel. 2013 ; Vol. 111. pp. 805-812.
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abstract = "Steam reforming of bio-oils is a viable way to produce syngas, but certain challenges need to be overcome before its commercial application. One of the main issues is the formation of tar and coke. Investigation of the evolution/formation of aromatic structures in steam reforming is an effective way to understand the mechanism of tar/coke formation. In this study, the pyrolysis, steam reforming and catalytic steam reforming of mallee wood bio-oil and its lignin-derived oligomers were conducted in a quartz reactor at various temperatures (500-850°C). The product tars were characterised by ultraviolet (UV) fluorescence spectroscopy. The results indicate that the interactions among the compounds degraded from lignin and cellulose/hemicellulose obviously affect the evolution of aromatic structures during the catalytic steam reforming of bio-oil. Furthermore, Raman spectroscopy of the catalyst provided information on the interactions of the volatile compounds and the deposit on the catalysts.",
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Evolution of aromatic structures during the reforming of bio-oil : Importance of the interactions among bio-oil components. / Wang, Yi; Hu, Xun; Mourant, Daniel; Song, Yao; Zhang, Lei; Lievens, Caroline; Xiang, Jun; Li, Chun Zhu.

In: Fuel, Vol. 111, 26.04.2013, p. 805-812.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evolution of aromatic structures during the reforming of bio-oil

T2 - Importance of the interactions among bio-oil components

AU - Wang, Yi

AU - Hu, Xun

AU - Mourant, Daniel

AU - Song, Yao

AU - Zhang, Lei

AU - Lievens, Caroline

AU - Xiang, Jun

AU - Li, Chun Zhu

PY - 2013/4/26

Y1 - 2013/4/26

N2 - Steam reforming of bio-oils is a viable way to produce syngas, but certain challenges need to be overcome before its commercial application. One of the main issues is the formation of tar and coke. Investigation of the evolution/formation of aromatic structures in steam reforming is an effective way to understand the mechanism of tar/coke formation. In this study, the pyrolysis, steam reforming and catalytic steam reforming of mallee wood bio-oil and its lignin-derived oligomers were conducted in a quartz reactor at various temperatures (500-850°C). The product tars were characterised by ultraviolet (UV) fluorescence spectroscopy. The results indicate that the interactions among the compounds degraded from lignin and cellulose/hemicellulose obviously affect the evolution of aromatic structures during the catalytic steam reforming of bio-oil. Furthermore, Raman spectroscopy of the catalyst provided information on the interactions of the volatile compounds and the deposit on the catalysts.

AB - Steam reforming of bio-oils is a viable way to produce syngas, but certain challenges need to be overcome before its commercial application. One of the main issues is the formation of tar and coke. Investigation of the evolution/formation of aromatic structures in steam reforming is an effective way to understand the mechanism of tar/coke formation. In this study, the pyrolysis, steam reforming and catalytic steam reforming of mallee wood bio-oil and its lignin-derived oligomers were conducted in a quartz reactor at various temperatures (500-850°C). The product tars were characterised by ultraviolet (UV) fluorescence spectroscopy. The results indicate that the interactions among the compounds degraded from lignin and cellulose/hemicellulose obviously affect the evolution of aromatic structures during the catalytic steam reforming of bio-oil. Furthermore, Raman spectroscopy of the catalyst provided information on the interactions of the volatile compounds and the deposit on the catalysts.

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