Evolution of microstructure and variations in mechanical properties accompanied with diffusionless isothermal ω transformation in β -titanium alloys

Norihiko L. Okamoto*, Shuhei Kasatani, Martin Luckabauer, Robert Enzinger, Satoshi Tsutsui, Masakazu Tane, Tetsu Ichitsubo

*Corresponding author for this work

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Diffusionless isothermal omega (DI-ω) transformation, which was recently defined in Phys. Rev. Materials 3, 043604 (2019)2475-995310.1103/PhysRevMaterials.3.043604, is classified into a third category of the ω transformation modes, other than the well-known isothermal and athermal modes. This work reveals the characteristic features of the DI-ω transformation in the β-titanium vanadium alloy system, specifically, focusing on variations in the microstructure and mechanical properties with the proceeding of the DI-ω transformation. After quenching alloys of Ti-15at%V, Ti-21at%V, and Ti-27at%V down to below room temperature from the β-stable temperature, in addition to the occurrence of the athermal ω transformation for Ti-15at%V, all of the alloys gradually undergo the DI-ω transformation upon aging at a temperature as low as 373 K, leading to a moderate increase in the hardness. The degree of the hardness increase in these alloys can be successfully explained by a local instability concept based on quenched-in thermal concentration fluctuations. It is also shown that internal friction (Ti-21at%V) diminishes after the low-temperature aging, which indicates the annihilation of such unstable regions showing a dynamic collapse of {111}β pairs to form a transient DI-ω phase. Comparison of inelastic x-ray scattering and ultrasound measurements can see a trail of the DI-ω transformation remaining even in the Ti-27at%V alloy, which has no obvious athermal omega transformation temperature. Based on the results, the difference between athermal ω and DI-ω transformations is finally discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123603
JournalPhysical Review Materials
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 9 Dec 2020

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