Exact Constraint Design of a Two-Degree of Freedom Flexure-Based Mechanism

Dannis Michel Brouwer, Ger Folkersma, Steven Boer, Ronald G.K.M. Aarts

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5 Citations (Scopus)
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We present the exact constraint design of a two degrees of freedom cross-flexure-based stage that combines a large workspace to footprint ratio with high vibration mode frequencies. To maximize unwanted vibration mode frequencies the mechanism is an assembly of optimized parts. To ensure a deterministic behavior the assembled mechanism is made exactly constrained. We analyze the kinematics of the mechanism using three methods; Grüblers criterion, opening the kinematic loops, and with a multibody singular value decomposition method. Nine release-flexures are implemented to obtain an exact constraint design. Measurements of the actuation force and natural frequency show no bifurcation, and load stiffening is minimized, even though there are various errors causing nonlinearity. Misalignment of the exact constraint designs does not lead to large stress, it does however decrease the support stiffness significantly. We conclude that designing an assembled mechanism in an exactly constrained manner leads to predictable stiffnesses and modal frequencies
Original languageEnglish
Article number041011
Pages (from-to)-
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of mechanisms and robotics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • METIS-298787
  • IR-87817


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