Experimental characterisation of recycled (glass/tpu woven fabric) flake reinforced thermoplastic composites

Mohammed Iqbal Abdul Rasheed, Bert Rietman, Roy Visser, Remko Akkerman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
68 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Recycling of continuously reinforced thermoplastic composites (TPC) has a substantial prospect at present and in future due to its increasing availability and rapidly growing application regime. This study focusses on the first steps in using TPC process scrap on a scale in which its maximum potential can be utilised. It entails the mechanical response viz. elastic properties and strength of the flake reinforced plates under uniaxial tension. The plates were manufactured by compression moulding of flakes made of woven glass fabric reinforced thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU), oriented randomly within the plate. The randomness in the orientation of the flakes is evident from the observed in-plane isotropic behaviour in the experiments. Failure is in most cases dominated by the matrix and changes its path to avoid the flakes. The failure surface observation revealed regions of good and also regions of poor fibre-matrix as well as flake- matrix adhesion. Different classes of flake sizes were used to produce plate samples. The relationship between the flake size and mechanical properties were not statistically significant due to the similarities observed in the size distribution between the different classes of flakes used. The measured strength and stiffness values are compared with existing values and analytical results. The analytical results for stiffness and strength were found to be close to the measurements by 8% on average, which shows a fairly good agreement of the idealised theory where the effect of interactions between reinforcements are not included.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationICCM19: Proceedings of the 19th international conference on composite materials
EditorsS.V. Hoa, P. Hubert
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherCurran Associates Inc.
Pages3999-4010
ISBN (Print)978-1-62993-199-9
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event19th International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM-19, 2013 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: 28 Jul 20132 Aug 2013
Conference number: 19

Publication series

Name
PublisherCurran associates
Volume1

Conference

Conference19th International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM-19, 2013
Abbreviated titleICCM
CountryCanada
CityMontreal
Period28/07/132/08/13

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glass
matrix
stiffness
elastic property
adhesion
reinforcement
mechanical property
recycling
compression
fabric
experiment
effect
fibre

Keywords

  • METIS-297132
  • IR-86874

Cite this

Abdul Rasheed, M. I., Rietman, B., Visser, R., & Akkerman, R. (2013). Experimental characterisation of recycled (glass/tpu woven fabric) flake reinforced thermoplastic composites. In S. V. Hoa, & P. Hubert (Eds.), ICCM19: Proceedings of the 19th international conference on composite materials (pp. 3999-4010). New York: Curran Associates Inc..
Abdul Rasheed, Mohammed Iqbal ; Rietman, Bert ; Visser, Roy ; Akkerman, Remko. / Experimental characterisation of recycled (glass/tpu woven fabric) flake reinforced thermoplastic composites. ICCM19: Proceedings of the 19th international conference on composite materials. editor / S.V. Hoa ; P. Hubert. New York : Curran Associates Inc., 2013. pp. 3999-4010
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abstract = "Recycling of continuously reinforced thermoplastic composites (TPC) has a substantial prospect at present and in future due to its increasing availability and rapidly growing application regime. This study focusses on the first steps in using TPC process scrap on a scale in which its maximum potential can be utilised. It entails the mechanical response viz. elastic properties and strength of the flake reinforced plates under uniaxial tension. The plates were manufactured by compression moulding of flakes made of woven glass fabric reinforced thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU), oriented randomly within the plate. The randomness in the orientation of the flakes is evident from the observed in-plane isotropic behaviour in the experiments. Failure is in most cases dominated by the matrix and changes its path to avoid the flakes. The failure surface observation revealed regions of good and also regions of poor fibre-matrix as well as flake- matrix adhesion. Different classes of flake sizes were used to produce plate samples. The relationship between the flake size and mechanical properties were not statistically significant due to the similarities observed in the size distribution between the different classes of flakes used. The measured strength and stiffness values are compared with existing values and analytical results. The analytical results for stiffness and strength were found to be close to the measurements by 8{\%} on average, which shows a fairly good agreement of the idealised theory where the effect of interactions between reinforcements are not included.",
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Abdul Rasheed, MI, Rietman, B, Visser, R & Akkerman, R 2013, Experimental characterisation of recycled (glass/tpu woven fabric) flake reinforced thermoplastic composites. in SV Hoa & P Hubert (eds), ICCM19: Proceedings of the 19th international conference on composite materials. Curran Associates Inc., New York, pp. 3999-4010, 19th International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM-19, 2013, Montreal, Canada, 28/07/13.

Experimental characterisation of recycled (glass/tpu woven fabric) flake reinforced thermoplastic composites. / Abdul Rasheed, Mohammed Iqbal; Rietman, Bert; Visser, Roy; Akkerman, Remko.

ICCM19: Proceedings of the 19th international conference on composite materials. ed. / S.V. Hoa; P. Hubert. New York : Curran Associates Inc., 2013. p. 3999-4010.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Experimental characterisation of recycled (glass/tpu woven fabric) flake reinforced thermoplastic composites

AU - Abdul Rasheed, Mohammed Iqbal

AU - Rietman, Bert

AU - Visser, Roy

AU - Akkerman, Remko

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Recycling of continuously reinforced thermoplastic composites (TPC) has a substantial prospect at present and in future due to its increasing availability and rapidly growing application regime. This study focusses on the first steps in using TPC process scrap on a scale in which its maximum potential can be utilised. It entails the mechanical response viz. elastic properties and strength of the flake reinforced plates under uniaxial tension. The plates were manufactured by compression moulding of flakes made of woven glass fabric reinforced thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU), oriented randomly within the plate. The randomness in the orientation of the flakes is evident from the observed in-plane isotropic behaviour in the experiments. Failure is in most cases dominated by the matrix and changes its path to avoid the flakes. The failure surface observation revealed regions of good and also regions of poor fibre-matrix as well as flake- matrix adhesion. Different classes of flake sizes were used to produce plate samples. The relationship between the flake size and mechanical properties were not statistically significant due to the similarities observed in the size distribution between the different classes of flakes used. The measured strength and stiffness values are compared with existing values and analytical results. The analytical results for stiffness and strength were found to be close to the measurements by 8% on average, which shows a fairly good agreement of the idealised theory where the effect of interactions between reinforcements are not included.

AB - Recycling of continuously reinforced thermoplastic composites (TPC) has a substantial prospect at present and in future due to its increasing availability and rapidly growing application regime. This study focusses on the first steps in using TPC process scrap on a scale in which its maximum potential can be utilised. It entails the mechanical response viz. elastic properties and strength of the flake reinforced plates under uniaxial tension. The plates were manufactured by compression moulding of flakes made of woven glass fabric reinforced thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU), oriented randomly within the plate. The randomness in the orientation of the flakes is evident from the observed in-plane isotropic behaviour in the experiments. Failure is in most cases dominated by the matrix and changes its path to avoid the flakes. The failure surface observation revealed regions of good and also regions of poor fibre-matrix as well as flake- matrix adhesion. Different classes of flake sizes were used to produce plate samples. The relationship between the flake size and mechanical properties were not statistically significant due to the similarities observed in the size distribution between the different classes of flakes used. The measured strength and stiffness values are compared with existing values and analytical results. The analytical results for stiffness and strength were found to be close to the measurements by 8% on average, which shows a fairly good agreement of the idealised theory where the effect of interactions between reinforcements are not included.

KW - METIS-297132

KW - IR-86874

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 978-1-62993-199-9

SP - 3999

EP - 4010

BT - ICCM19: Proceedings of the 19th international conference on composite materials

A2 - Hoa, S.V.

A2 - Hubert, P.

PB - Curran Associates Inc.

CY - New York

ER -

Abdul Rasheed MI, Rietman B, Visser R, Akkerman R. Experimental characterisation of recycled (glass/tpu woven fabric) flake reinforced thermoplastic composites. In Hoa SV, Hubert P, editors, ICCM19: Proceedings of the 19th international conference on composite materials. New York: Curran Associates Inc. 2013. p. 3999-4010