After total laryngectomy and voice rehabilitation using a tracheoesophageal shunt valve, patients often have valve-related complications such as leakage. To solve these problems, a tracheoesophageal tissue connector (TE-TC) was devised to serve as an interface between the patient's tissue (trachea and esophagus) and the shunt valve.
The TE-TC is a permucosal connection constructed from a titanium ring (filled with a silicon rubber plug) combined with polypropylene or titanium mesh. After implantation in adult goats for 12 weeks the implants were submitted to histologic investigation.
Firm implant fixation was achieved. In nearly all (18/19), no signs of infection of the implant were seen; 11 of 19 animals died before the end of the experiment owing to complications not related to the implant.
The TE-TC is a new device with potential in the solution for fixation-related problems in tracheoesophageal voice rehabilitation.
- voice rehabilitation
- soft tissue
- Voice prosthesis