Experts Get Me Started, Peers Keep Me Going: Comparing Crowd- versus Expert-Designed Motivational Text Messages for Exercise Behavior Change

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a comparative analysis of motivational messages designed with a theory-driven approach. A previous study [4] involved crowdsourcing to design and evaluate motivational text messages for physical activity, and showed that these peer-designed text messages aligned to behavior change strategies from theory. However, the messages were predominantly rated as motivating in the later stages of behavior change, not in the earlier stages, including those strategies intended for the earlier stages. We speculated that the peers that designed the messages aligned to the strategies did not have sufficient expertise to motivate people in earlier stages. Therefore, we replicated the study with experts. We found that for two of the strategies expert-designed messages were found more motivating in the earliest stage, while for several of the strategies peer-designed messages were rated more motivating for later stages. We conclude that when using these strategies in behavior change technology, expert-designed messages could be more motivating in the earliest stage, while peer-designed messages could be more motivating in the later stages.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 11th EAI International Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event11th EAI International Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare, PervasiveHealth 2017 - Barcelona, Spain
Duration: 23 May 201726 May 2017
Conference number: 11
http://archive.pervasivehealth.org/2017/show/home

Conference

Conference11th EAI International Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare, PervasiveHealth 2017
Abbreviated titlePervasiveHealth
CountrySpain
CityBarcelona
Period23/05/1726/05/17
Internet address

Cite this

De Vries, R. A. J., Zaga, C., Bayer, F., Drossaert, C. H. C., Truong, K. P., & Evers, V. (2017). Experts Get Me Started, Peers Keep Me Going: Comparing Crowd- versus Expert-Designed Motivational Text Messages for Exercise Behavior Change. In Proceedings of the 11th EAI International Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).
De Vries, Roelof A. J. ; Zaga, Cristina ; Bayer, Franciszka ; Drossaert, Constance H. C. ; Truong, Khiet P. ; Evers, Vanessa. / Experts Get Me Started, Peers Keep Me Going : Comparing Crowd- versus Expert-Designed Motivational Text Messages for Exercise Behavior Change. Proceedings of the 11th EAI International Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare. Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2017.
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title = "Experts Get Me Started, Peers Keep Me Going: Comparing Crowd- versus Expert-Designed Motivational Text Messages for Exercise Behavior Change",
abstract = "We present a comparative analysis of motivational messages designed with a theory-driven approach. A previous study [4] involved crowdsourcing to design and evaluate motivational text messages for physical activity, and showed that these peer-designed text messages aligned to behavior change strategies from theory. However, the messages were predominantly rated as motivating in the later stages of behavior change, not in the earlier stages, including those strategies intended for the earlier stages. We speculated that the peers that designed the messages aligned to the strategies did not have sufficient expertise to motivate people in earlier stages. Therefore, we replicated the study with experts. We found that for two of the strategies expert-designed messages were found more motivating in the earliest stage, while for several of the strategies peer-designed messages were rated more motivating for later stages. We conclude that when using these strategies in behavior change technology, expert-designed messages could be more motivating in the earliest stage, while peer-designed messages could be more motivating in the later stages.",
author = "{De Vries}, {Roelof A. J.} and Cristina Zaga and Franciszka Bayer and Drossaert, {Constance H. C.} and Truong, {Khiet P.} and Vanessa Evers",
year = "2017",
language = "English",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the 11th EAI International Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare",
publisher = "Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)",
address = "United States",

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De Vries, RAJ, Zaga, C, Bayer, F, Drossaert, CHC, Truong, KP & Evers, V 2017, Experts Get Me Started, Peers Keep Me Going: Comparing Crowd- versus Expert-Designed Motivational Text Messages for Exercise Behavior Change. in Proceedings of the 11th EAI International Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare. Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 11th EAI International Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare, PervasiveHealth 2017, Barcelona, Spain, 23/05/17.

Experts Get Me Started, Peers Keep Me Going : Comparing Crowd- versus Expert-Designed Motivational Text Messages for Exercise Behavior Change. / De Vries, Roelof A. J.; Zaga, Cristina; Bayer, Franciszka; Drossaert, Constance H. C.; Truong, Khiet P.; Evers, Vanessa.

Proceedings of the 11th EAI International Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare. Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2017.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Experts Get Me Started, Peers Keep Me Going

T2 - Comparing Crowd- versus Expert-Designed Motivational Text Messages for Exercise Behavior Change

AU - De Vries, Roelof A. J.

AU - Zaga, Cristina

AU - Bayer, Franciszka

AU - Drossaert, Constance H. C.

AU - Truong, Khiet P.

AU - Evers, Vanessa

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - We present a comparative analysis of motivational messages designed with a theory-driven approach. A previous study [4] involved crowdsourcing to design and evaluate motivational text messages for physical activity, and showed that these peer-designed text messages aligned to behavior change strategies from theory. However, the messages were predominantly rated as motivating in the later stages of behavior change, not in the earlier stages, including those strategies intended for the earlier stages. We speculated that the peers that designed the messages aligned to the strategies did not have sufficient expertise to motivate people in earlier stages. Therefore, we replicated the study with experts. We found that for two of the strategies expert-designed messages were found more motivating in the earliest stage, while for several of the strategies peer-designed messages were rated more motivating for later stages. We conclude that when using these strategies in behavior change technology, expert-designed messages could be more motivating in the earliest stage, while peer-designed messages could be more motivating in the later stages.

AB - We present a comparative analysis of motivational messages designed with a theory-driven approach. A previous study [4] involved crowdsourcing to design and evaluate motivational text messages for physical activity, and showed that these peer-designed text messages aligned to behavior change strategies from theory. However, the messages were predominantly rated as motivating in the later stages of behavior change, not in the earlier stages, including those strategies intended for the earlier stages. We speculated that the peers that designed the messages aligned to the strategies did not have sufficient expertise to motivate people in earlier stages. Therefore, we replicated the study with experts. We found that for two of the strategies expert-designed messages were found more motivating in the earliest stage, while for several of the strategies peer-designed messages were rated more motivating for later stages. We conclude that when using these strategies in behavior change technology, expert-designed messages could be more motivating in the earliest stage, while peer-designed messages could be more motivating in the later stages.

M3 - Conference contribution

BT - Proceedings of the 11th EAI International Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare

PB - Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)

ER -

De Vries RAJ, Zaga C, Bayer F, Drossaert CHC, Truong KP, Evers V. Experts Get Me Started, Peers Keep Me Going: Comparing Crowd- versus Expert-Designed Motivational Text Messages for Exercise Behavior Change. In Proceedings of the 11th EAI International Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare. Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). 2017