Exploration of CO2 capture from blast furnace gas using (semi)clathrates

J. de Bruijn, M.A.J. Essink, J.H.T. Wolbers, M. Ruitenbeek, H. van den Berg, A.G.J. van der Ham*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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This paper aims to contribute to the search for sustainable solutions for CO2 capture from industrial processes such as steelmaking. This is realized by exploring possibilities of a CO2 capture from blast furnace gas using clathrates and comparing this technique to conventional absorption with monoethanolamine (MEA). First a design with pure clathrate hydrates was made to act as a reference and aid to construct a more detailed model for the semiclathrate tetra-n-butyl ammonium bromide (TBAB). Herein the capture process was modeled as a crystallization process in a bubble column like crystallization vessel. It was found that the TBAB process suffers mostly from the low capacity which requires high volume flows. Because of the low temperature, large amounts of expensive refrigerants are required (>300 MW). Because of the high pressure, a large amount of electrical power is required as well (>80 MW). Overall, the process as designed here cannot compete with the conventional MEA process. However, several options were identified that could improve the process in such a way that it could become more feasible. These include an apparently higher capacity than estimated and the use of more stable semiclathrates, hence reducing the need for expensive refrigerants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-250
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Engineering Research and Design
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • Carbon dioxide
  • Clathrates
  • Process design
  • Reactor modeling
  • Tetrabutylammonium bromide
  • Water
  • UT-Hybrid-D


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