Although endothelial cell seeding in small-diameter vascular prostheses significantly improves graft survival, the detachment of adherent endothelial cells after the restoration of circulation remains one of the major obstacles. Because in vivo experiments indicate that leukocyte infiltration is involved in endothelial cell loss, we hypothesize that seeded endothelial cells become activated and express leukocyte adhesion molecules and cytokines because of an interaction with the underlying polymer surface. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of the leukocyte adhesion molecules ICAM-1, VCAM-1, PECAM-1, and E-selectin by cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and human adipose microvascular endothelial cells (HAMVECs). The cells were seeded on tissue culture poly(styrene) and the vascular graft materials Dacron and Teflon. The results of this study indicate that the expression of leukocyte adhesion molecules by cultured endothelial cells is mainly affected by the endothelial cell origin, that is, umbilical vein or adipose tissue. Expressions of both ICAM-1 and E-selectin by HUVECs and HAMVECs are characterized by the presence of two cell populations with distinct levels of expression. With respect to endothelial cell seeding in vascular prostheses, the increased expression of E-selectin by microvascular endothelial cells deserves further attention.
|Journal||Journal of biomedical materials research|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|