## Abstract

Let G=(V,E) be a molecular graph, in which the vertices of V represent atoms and the edges of E the bonds between pairs of atoms. One of the earliest and most widely studied degree-based molecular descriptor, the Randić index of G, is defined as R(G)=∑_{uv∈E}(d_{u}d_{v})^{−[Formula presented]}, where d_{u} denotes the degree of u ∈ V. Bollobás and Erdős (1998) generalized this index by replacing −[Formula presented] with any fixed real number. To facilitate the enumeration of these indices, motivated by earlier work of Dvořák et al. (2011) and Knor et al. (2015) introduced two other indices, that provide lower and upper bounds, respectively: R_{α} ^{′}(G)=∑_{uv∈E}min{d_{u} ^{α},d_{v} ^{α}} and R_{α} ^{″}(G)=∑_{uv∈E}max{d_{u} ^{α},d_{v} ^{α}}. In this paper, we give expressions for computing R_{α} ^{′} and R_{α} ^{″} of benzenoid systems and phenylenes, as well as a relation between R_{α} ^{′} and R_{α} ^{″} of a phenylene and its corresponding hexagonal squeeze. We also determine the extremal values of R_{α} ^{′} and R_{α} ^{″} in benzenoid systems with h hexagons for different intervals for the value of α.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 14-24 |

Number of pages | 11 |

Journal | Applied mathematics and computation |

Volume | 337 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 15 Nov 2018 |

## Keywords

- Benzenoid system
- Catacondensed benzenoid system
- Generalized Randić index
- Inlet
- Randić index