Extreme right-wing voting in Western Europe

Marcel Lubbers, Mérove Gijsberts, Peer Scheepers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

470 Citations (Scopus)


In this study we explain extreme right-wing voting behaviour in the countries of the European Union and Norway from a micro and macro perspective. Using a multidisciplinary multilevel approach, we take into account individual-level social background characteristics and public opinion alongside country characteristics and characteristics of extreme right-wing parties themselves. By making use of large-scale survey data (N = 49,801) together with country-level statistics and expert survey data, we are able to explain extreme right-wing voting behaviour from this multilevel perspective. Our results show that cross-national differences in support of extreme right-wing parties are particularly due to differences in public opinion on immigration and democracy, the number of non-Western residents in a country and, above all, to party characteristics of the extreme right-wing parties themselves.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)345-378
JournalEuropean journal of political research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • IR-61252

Cite this