Extreme value statistics for annual minimum and trough-under-treshold precipitation at different, spatio-temporal scales

Martijn J. Booij, Marcel J.M. de Wit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to quantify meteorological droughts and assign return periods to these droughts. Moreover, the relation between meteorological and hydrological droughts is explored. This has been done for the River Meuse basin in Western Europe at different spatial and temporal scales to enable comparison between different data sources (e.g. stations and climate models). Meteorological drought is assessed in two ways: using annual minimum precipitation amounts as a function of return period, and using troughs under threshold as a function of return period. The Weibull extreme value type 3 distribution has been fitted to both sources of information. Results show that the trough-under-threshold precipitation is larger than the annual minimum precipitation for a specific return period. Annual minimum precipitation values increase with spatial scale, being most pronounced for small temporal scales. The uncertainty in annual minimum point precipitation varies between 68% for the 30-day precipitation with a return period of 100 years, and 8% for the 120-day precipitation with a return period of 10 years. For spatially-averaged values, these numbers are slightly lower. The annual discharge deficit is significantly related to the annual minimum precipitation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1289-1301
JournalHydrological sciences journal
Volume55
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Annual minimum precipitation
  • Meuse basin
  • Uncertainty
  • Weibull distribution
  • meteorological drought
  • IR-78675
  • temporal scales
  • spatial scales
  • hydrological drought
  • METIS-271661
  • trough-under-threshold

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