Fabrication of poly (trimethylene carbonate)/reduced graphene oxide-graft-poly (trimethylene carbonate) composite scaffolds for nerve regeneration

Zhengchao Guo, Jia Liang, André A. Poot, Dirk W. Grijpma (Corresponding Author), Honglin Chen (Corresponding Author)

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Abstract

One of the key challenges for neural tissue engineering is to exploit functional materials to guide and support nerve regeneration. Currently, reduced graphene oxide (rGO), which is well-known for its unique electrical and mechanical properties, has been incorporated into biocompatible polymers to manufacture functional scaffolds for nerve tissue engineering. However, rGO has poor dispersity in polymer matrix, which limits its further application. Here, we replaced rGO with rGO-graft-PTMC. The rGO-graft-PTMC was firstly prepared by grafting trimethylene carbonate (TMC) oligomers onto rGO. Subsequently, PTMC/rGO-graft-PTMC composite fibrous mats were fabricated by electrospinning of a dispersion of PTMC and rGO-graft-PTMC. The loading of rGO-graft-PTMC could reach up to 6 wt% relative to PTMC. Scanning electron microscopy images showed that the morphologies and average diameters of PTMC/rGO-graft-PTMC composite fibrous mats were affected by the content of rGO-graft-PTMC. Additionally, the incorporation of rGO-graft-PTMC resulted in enhanced thermal stability and hydrophobicity of PTMC fibers. Biological results demonstrated that PC12 cells showed higher cell viability on PTMC/rGO-graft-PTMC fibers of 2.4, 4.0 and 6.0 wt% rGO-graft-PTMC compared to pure PTMC fibers. These results suggest that PTMC/rGO-graft-PTMC composite fibrous structures hold great potential for neural tissue engineering.

Original languageEnglish
Article number024104
JournalBiomedical materials (Bristol, England)
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Feb 2019

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Graphite
Grafts
Scaffolds
Oxides
Graphene
Carbonates
Fabrication
Composite materials
Tissue engineering
polytrimethylene carbonate
Fibers
Functional materials
Bioelectric potentials
Electrospinning
Scaffolds (biology)
Hydrophobicity
Polymer matrix
Oligomers

Keywords

  • biofabrication
  • electrospinning
  • graphene
  • nerve tissue engineering
  • poly (trimethylene carbonate)

Cite this

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title = "Fabrication of poly (trimethylene carbonate)/reduced graphene oxide-graft-poly (trimethylene carbonate) composite scaffolds for nerve regeneration",
abstract = "One of the key challenges for neural tissue engineering is to exploit functional materials to guide and support nerve regeneration. Currently, reduced graphene oxide (rGO), which is well-known for its unique electrical and mechanical properties, has been incorporated into biocompatible polymers to manufacture functional scaffolds for nerve tissue engineering. However, rGO has poor dispersity in polymer matrix, which limits its further application. Here, we replaced rGO with rGO-graft-PTMC. The rGO-graft-PTMC was firstly prepared by grafting trimethylene carbonate (TMC) oligomers onto rGO. Subsequently, PTMC/rGO-graft-PTMC composite fibrous mats were fabricated by electrospinning of a dispersion of PTMC and rGO-graft-PTMC. The loading of rGO-graft-PTMC could reach up to 6 wt{\%} relative to PTMC. Scanning electron microscopy images showed that the morphologies and average diameters of PTMC/rGO-graft-PTMC composite fibrous mats were affected by the content of rGO-graft-PTMC. Additionally, the incorporation of rGO-graft-PTMC resulted in enhanced thermal stability and hydrophobicity of PTMC fibers. Biological results demonstrated that PC12 cells showed higher cell viability on PTMC/rGO-graft-PTMC fibers of 2.4, 4.0 and 6.0 wt{\%} rGO-graft-PTMC compared to pure PTMC fibers. These results suggest that PTMC/rGO-graft-PTMC composite fibrous structures hold great potential for neural tissue engineering.",
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author = "Zhengchao Guo and Jia Liang and Poot, {Andr{\'e} A.} and Grijpma, {Dirk W.} and Honglin Chen",
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AU - Guo, Zhengchao

AU - Liang, Jia

AU - Poot, André A.

AU - Grijpma, Dirk W.

AU - Chen, Honglin

PY - 2019/2/26

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N2 - One of the key challenges for neural tissue engineering is to exploit functional materials to guide and support nerve regeneration. Currently, reduced graphene oxide (rGO), which is well-known for its unique electrical and mechanical properties, has been incorporated into biocompatible polymers to manufacture functional scaffolds for nerve tissue engineering. However, rGO has poor dispersity in polymer matrix, which limits its further application. Here, we replaced rGO with rGO-graft-PTMC. The rGO-graft-PTMC was firstly prepared by grafting trimethylene carbonate (TMC) oligomers onto rGO. Subsequently, PTMC/rGO-graft-PTMC composite fibrous mats were fabricated by electrospinning of a dispersion of PTMC and rGO-graft-PTMC. The loading of rGO-graft-PTMC could reach up to 6 wt% relative to PTMC. Scanning electron microscopy images showed that the morphologies and average diameters of PTMC/rGO-graft-PTMC composite fibrous mats were affected by the content of rGO-graft-PTMC. Additionally, the incorporation of rGO-graft-PTMC resulted in enhanced thermal stability and hydrophobicity of PTMC fibers. Biological results demonstrated that PC12 cells showed higher cell viability on PTMC/rGO-graft-PTMC fibers of 2.4, 4.0 and 6.0 wt% rGO-graft-PTMC compared to pure PTMC fibers. These results suggest that PTMC/rGO-graft-PTMC composite fibrous structures hold great potential for neural tissue engineering.

AB - One of the key challenges for neural tissue engineering is to exploit functional materials to guide and support nerve regeneration. Currently, reduced graphene oxide (rGO), which is well-known for its unique electrical and mechanical properties, has been incorporated into biocompatible polymers to manufacture functional scaffolds for nerve tissue engineering. However, rGO has poor dispersity in polymer matrix, which limits its further application. Here, we replaced rGO with rGO-graft-PTMC. The rGO-graft-PTMC was firstly prepared by grafting trimethylene carbonate (TMC) oligomers onto rGO. Subsequently, PTMC/rGO-graft-PTMC composite fibrous mats were fabricated by electrospinning of a dispersion of PTMC and rGO-graft-PTMC. The loading of rGO-graft-PTMC could reach up to 6 wt% relative to PTMC. Scanning electron microscopy images showed that the morphologies and average diameters of PTMC/rGO-graft-PTMC composite fibrous mats were affected by the content of rGO-graft-PTMC. Additionally, the incorporation of rGO-graft-PTMC resulted in enhanced thermal stability and hydrophobicity of PTMC fibers. Biological results demonstrated that PC12 cells showed higher cell viability on PTMC/rGO-graft-PTMC fibers of 2.4, 4.0 and 6.0 wt% rGO-graft-PTMC compared to pure PTMC fibers. These results suggest that PTMC/rGO-graft-PTMC composite fibrous structures hold great potential for neural tissue engineering.

KW - biofabrication

KW - electrospinning

KW - graphene

KW - nerve tissue engineering

KW - poly (trimethylene carbonate)

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JO - Biomedical materials

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