Facial feedback mechanisms in autistic spectrum disorders

Mariëlle Stel*, Claudia van den Heuvel, Raymond C. Smeets

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    65 Citations (Scopus)
    46 Downloads (Pure)


    Facial feedback mechanisms of adolescents with Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) were investigated utilizing three studies. Facial expressions, which became activated via automatic (Studies 1 and 2) or intentional (Study 2) mimicry, or via holding a pen between the teeth (Study 3), influenced corresponding emotions for controls, while individuals with ASD remained emotionally unaffected. Thus, individuals with ASD do not experience feedback from activated facial expressions as controls do. This facial feedback-impairment enhances our understanding of the social and emotional lives of individuals with ASD.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1250-1258
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2008


    • Autism
    • Emotions
    • Facial expressions
    • Facial feedback
    • Imitation
    • Mimicry


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