Objective: This study investigates the relationship of child, caregiver, and caring context measurements with the care-related quality of life (CRQoL) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of caregivers of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Methods: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data on caregivers of children with JIA from Canada and the Netherlands collected for the “Canada-Netherlands Personalized Medicine Network in Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatic Diseases” study from June 2019 to September 2021. We used the CRQoL questionnaire (CarerQoL), adult EQ-5D-5L, and proxy-reported Youth 5-Level version of EuroQoL (EQ-5D-5L-Y) to assess caregiver CRQoL, caregiver HRQoL, and child HRQoL, respectively. We used a multivariate analysis to assess the relationship between both caregiver CRQoL and HRQoL and patient, caregiver, and caring context measurements. Results: A total of 250 caregivers were included in this study. Most of the caregivers were from the Netherlands (n = 178, 71%) and 77% were females (n = 193). The mean CarerQoL scores was 82.7 (standard deviation (SD) 11.4) and the mean EQ-5D-5L utility score was 0.87 (SD 0.16). Child HRQoL and employment had a positive relationship with both caregiver CarerQoL and EQ-5D-5L utility scores (p < 0.05), while receiving paid or unpaid help had a negative relationship with both scores (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Our findings indicated that to understand the impact of JIA on families, we need to consider socio-economic factors, such as employment and support to carry caregiving tasks, in addition to child HRQoL.