Fair street space allocation: ethical principles and empirical insights

Felix Creutzig*, Aneeque Javaid, Zakia Soomauroo, Steffen Lohrey, Nikola Milojevic-Dupont, Anjali Ramakrishnan, Mahendra Sethi, Lijing Liu, Leila Niamir, Christopher Bren d’Amour, Ulf Weddige, Dominic Lenzi, Martin Kowarsch, Luisa Arndt, Lulzim Baumann, Jody Betzien, Lesly Fonkwa, Bettina Huber, Ernesto Mendez, Alexandra MisiouCameron Pearce, Paula Radman, Paul Skaloud, J. Marco Zausch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)
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Urban street space is increasingly contested. However, it is unclear what a fair street space allocation would look like. We develop a framework of ten ethical principles and three normative perspectives on street space–streets for transport, streets for sustainability, and streets as place–and discuss 14 derived street space allocation mechanisms. We contrast these ethically grounded allocation mechanisms with real-world allocation in 18 streets in Berlin. We find that car users, on average, had 3.5 times more space available than non-car users. While some allocation mechanisms are more plausible than others, none is without disputed normative implications. All of the ethical principles, however, suggest that on-street parking for cars is difficult to justify, and that cycling deserves more space. We argue that ethical principles should be systematically integrated into urban and transport planning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)711-733
Number of pages23
JournalTransport reviews
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Cycling
  • Ethical principles
  • Governance
  • Parking
  • Urban transport


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