Fast pyrolysis of heavy metal contaminated willow: Influence of the plant part

C. Lievens, R. Carleer*, T. Cornelissen, J. Yperman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

73 Citations (Scopus)
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Fast pyrolysis of heavy metal contaminated willow, with high concentrations of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn, resulting from phytoremediation, is investigated. The distribution of the heavy metals depends on the plant part (leaves and branches). Nevertheless, their individual pyrolysis fractions (at an operational temperature of 623 K), i.e., bio-oil/tar and gas, are both heavy metal free. Some small differences in the kind and amounts of the organic compounds are found in the bio-oil and gaseous fraction. In view of practical considerations leaves and branches should nevertheless be pyrolysed simultaneously. The use of hyphenated thermal analytical techniques allows obtaining more detailed information on the compositional features of the pyrolysis fraction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1417-1425
Number of pages9
Issue number8
Early online date27 Feb 2009
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Biomass plant part
  • Fast pyrolysis
  • Gas fraction
  • TD/GC/MS
  • TG/FT-IR


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