Fatigue-based model for the droplet impingement erosion incubation period of metallic surfaces

Henk Slot*, Dave Matthews, Dik Schipper, Emile van der Heide

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
24 Downloads (Pure)


Droplet impingement of metallic surfaces at high impact velocities results, after some time, in erosion of the surface due to fatigue. By extending our previously published analytical model to enable the use of experimental fatigue data (S-N curves), here, for the first time, a wide range of experimental liquid droplet erosion incubation period test states for both ferrous (stainless steel AISI 316) and nonferrous (aluminium 6061-T6) engineering metals have been investigated. To achieve this, the developed model includes additional surface hardening and a residual compressive stress state at the surface due to a water drop peening effect. As such, the interrelation of the physical and mechanical properties that follows from the model has been used to identify how changes in selected metal properties might enhance droplet impingement erosion incubation life. Model predictions for both metals, using fatigue data from S-N curves from different literature sources, showed for the droplet impact velocity range of 140 to 400 m/s an excellent agreement with results from a multiregression equation as determined from an ASTM interlaboratory test program.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-211
Number of pages13
JournalFatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures
Issue number1
Early online date11 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 2021


  • drop impact
  • peening
  • predictive model
  • surface fatigue
  • surface hardening


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