Fault tree analysis: A survey of the state-of-the-art in modeling, analysis and tools

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Abstract

Fault tree analysis (FTA) is a very prominent method to analyze the risks related to safety and economically critical assets, like power plants, airplanes, data centers and web shops. FTA methods comprise of a wide variety of modelling and analysis techniques, supported by a wide range of software tools. This paper surveys over 150 papers on fault tree analysis, providing an in-depth overview of the state-of-the-art in FTA. Concretely, we review standard fault trees, as well as extensions such as dynamic FT, repairable FT, and extended FT. For these models, we review both qualitative analysis methods, like cut sets and common cause failures, and quantitative techniques, including a wide variety of stochastic methods to compute failure probabilities. Numerous examples illustrate the various approaches, and tables present a quick overview of results.
LanguageEnglish
Pages29-62
Number of pages34
JournalComputer science review
Volume15-16
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 May 2015

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Fault Tree Analysis
Fault tree analysis
Modeling
Common Cause Failure
Fault Tree
Cutset
Failure Probability
Data Center
Stochastic Methods
Power Plant
Qualitative Analysis
Software Tools
Tables
Power plants
Safety
Aircraft
Range of data
Review

Keywords

  • Reliability
  • EWI-26013
  • Dependability Evaluation
  • Graphical models
  • IR-96800
  • Fault Trees
  • Risk analysis
  • METIS-312604
  • Dynamic Fault Trees

Cite this

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title = "Fault tree analysis: A survey of the state-of-the-art in modeling, analysis and tools",
abstract = "Fault tree analysis (FTA) is a very prominent method to analyze the risks related to safety and economically critical assets, like power plants, airplanes, data centers and web shops. FTA methods comprise of a wide variety of modelling and analysis techniques, supported by a wide range of software tools. This paper surveys over 150 papers on fault tree analysis, providing an in-depth overview of the state-of-the-art in FTA. Concretely, we review standard fault trees, as well as extensions such as dynamic FT, repairable FT, and extended FT. For these models, we review both qualitative analysis methods, like cut sets and common cause failures, and quantitative techniques, including a wide variety of stochastic methods to compute failure probabilities. Numerous examples illustrate the various approaches, and tables present a quick overview of results.",
keywords = "Reliability, EWI-26013, Dependability Evaluation, Graphical models, IR-96800, Fault Trees, Risk analysis, METIS-312604, Dynamic Fault Trees",
author = "Ruijters, {Enno Jozef Johannes} and Stoelinga, {Mari{\"e}lle Ida Antoinette}",
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KW - Reliability

KW - EWI-26013

KW - Dependability Evaluation

KW - Graphical models

KW - IR-96800

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