Fault tree analysis: A survey of the state-of-the-art in modeling, analysis and tools

Enno J.J. Ruijters, Mariëlle I.A. Stoelinga

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    532 Citations (Scopus)
    3978 Downloads (Pure)


    Fault tree analysis (FTA) is a very prominent method to analyze the risks related to safety and economically critical assets, like power plants, airplanes, data centers and web shops. FTA methods comprise of a wide variety of modelling and analysis techniques, supported by a wide range of software tools. This paper surveys over 150 papers on fault tree analysis, providing an in-depth overview of the state-of-the-art in FTA. Concretely, we review standard fault trees, as well as extensions such as dynamic FT, repairable FT, and extended FT. For these models, we review both qualitative analysis methods, like cut sets and common cause failures, and quantitative techniques, including a wide variety of stochastic methods to compute failure probabilities. Numerous examples illustrate the various approaches, and tables present a quick overview of results.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)29-62
    Number of pages34
    JournalComputer science review
    Publication statusPublished - 5 May 2015


    • Reliability
    • Dependability evaluation
    • Graphical models
    • Fault trees
    • Risk analysis
    • Dynamic fault trees


    Dive into the research topics of 'Fault tree analysis: A survey of the state-of-the-art in modeling, analysis and tools'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this