FE analysis of the effects of simplifications in experimental testing on micromotions of uncemented femoral knee implants

S. Berahmani, D. Janssen, D. Wolfson, M. De Waal Malefijt, C.K. Fitzpatrick, P.J. Rullkoetter, Nicolaas Jacobus Joseph Verdonschot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Experimental testing of orthopaedic implants requires simplifications concerning load application and activities being analyzed. This computational study investigated how these simplifications affect micromotions at the bone-implant interface of an uncemented femoral knee implant. As a basis, validated in vivo loads of the stance phase of gait and a deep knee bend were adopted. Eventually, three configurations were considered: (i) simulation of the complete loading cycle; (ii) inclusion of only tibiofemoral loads (ignoring patellofemoral loads); and (iii) applying only a single peak tibiofemoral force. For all loading conditions the largest micromotions found at the proximal anterior flange. Without the patellofemoral force, peak micromotions increased 6% and 22% for gait and deep knee bend, respectively. By applying a single peak tibiofemoral force micromotions were overestimated. However, the peak micromotions corresponded to the maximum tibiofemoral force, and strong micromotion correlations were found between a complete loading cycle and a single peak load (R2 = 0.73 and R2 = 0.89 for gait and deep knee bend, respectively). Deep knee bend resulted in larger micromotions than gait. Our study suggests that a simplified peak force can be used to assess the stability of cementless femoral components. For more robust testing, implants should be subjected to different loading modes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)812-819
JournalJournal of orthopaedic research
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Dec 2016

Keywords

  • METIS-314263
  • IR-100695

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