Feedback mechanisms between water availability and water use in a semi-arid river basin: a geographically explicit multi-agent simulation approach

P.R. van Oel, Martinus S. Krol, Arjen Ysbert Hoekstra, Renzo R. Taddei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding the processes responsible for the distribution of water availability over space and time is of great importance to spatial planning in a semi-arid river basin. In this study the usefulness of a multi-agent simulation (MAS) approach for representing these processes is discussed. A MAS model has been developed to represent local water use of farmers that both respond to and modify the spatial and temporal distribution of water resources in a river basin. The MAS approach is tested for the Jaguaribe basin in semi-arid Northeast Brazil. Model validity and required data for representing system dynamics are discussed. For the Jaguaribe basin both positive and negative correlations between water availability and water use have been encountered. It was found that increasing wet season water use in times of drought amplify water stress in the following dry season. It is concluded that with our approach it is possible to validly represent spatial-temporal variability of water availability that is influenced by water use and vice versa.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-443
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental modelling & software
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • METIS-259889
  • Irrigation
  • Semi-arid
  • Water availability
  • River basin
  • Multi-agent simulation
  • Brazil
  • IR-70600

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