Femoral loosening of high-flexion total knee arthroplasty: The effect of posterior cruciate ligament retention and bone quality reduction

J. Zelle, S.A.W. van de Groes, M.C. De Waal Malefijt, Nicolaas Jacobus Joseph Verdonschot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-flexion total knee arthroplasty (TKA) may be more sensitive to femoral loosening than conventional TKA as the knee joint force increases during deep flexion. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the probability of femoral loosening is equal in posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) retaining and substituting high-flexion knee implants and whether loosening is related to femoral bone quality. A three-dimensional finite element (FE) model of the knee was developed and a weight-bearing deep knee bend up to 155° was simulated. PCL conservation considerably increased the compressive tibio-femoral joint force as a maximal force of 4.7–6.0 × bodyweight (BW) was found, against a maximal force of 4.0 × BW for posterior-stabilized TKA. Roughly 14% of the fixation site beneath the anterior femoral flange was predicted to debond on the long-term in case of cruciate-retaining TKA compared to 20% in case of posterior-stabilized TKA. Reducing the femoral bone quality to 50% of its original bone mineral density increased the amount of potential anterior failure for cruciate-retaining TKA to 22% and posterior-stabilized TKA to 24%. We therefore conclude that the femoral fixation site has a similar failure potential for both cruciate-retaining and posterior-stabilized high-flexion TKA
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-324
Number of pages7
JournalMedical engineering & physics
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • METIS-301812
  • IR-91256

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Femoral loosening of high-flexion total knee arthroplasty: The effect of posterior cruciate ligament retention and bone quality reduction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this